Suggest reasons why populations of different countries vary in their attitudes towards climate change. (10 marks)

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Preview of Suggest reasons why populations of different countries vary in their attitudes towards climate change. (10 marks)

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Kieran Podbury
St Benedicts
Suggest reasons why populations of
different countries vary in their attitudes
towards climate change. (10 marks)
The graph tells us that the people of Brazil, India and China who are BRIC countries (deemed to be at
a similar stage of newly advanced economic development) believe that climate change and how we
respond to it are amongst the biggest issues today, while the USA, Germany and the UK (all HICs)
believe it is less of an issue. The reason that BRICS are more worried about climate change is because
of the fact that if affects them more on a local level like smog in the east of China. Pollution has been
tied to "cancer villages" and reduced life expectancy. Smog even closed down the major northern
city of Harbin in the east of China in October. 52% of the Chinese populations are concerned about
climate change. MEDC's on the other hand are not of yet directly being affected local level problems
so they feel that there isn't any need to worry.
The graph outlining the commitment levels of the population is similar to the concern levels. The
population of BRIC countries agrees more with the statement "I am personally making a significant
effort to reduce climate change through how I live today". They are more committed to changing the
way they live because they are the ones being affected the most, for example 32% of Indians are
committed to change this may be due the water crisis in the country today caused by high levels of
pollution in the Ganges, the Yamuna and Mithi Rivers. MEDCs on the other are far less committed only
25% of the US populations are committed to change. I believe this is not only because the population
isn't currently experiencing local scale disruption due to climate change but because of the national
governments attitude towards climate change. The USA ratified to the Kyoto protocol because they
rely on consumerism. The people of the US aren't as committed because their lives would have to
adapt far more than people living in BRICs for example. This is because the US is so commercial, they
rely heavily on foreign imports.
The last aspect of the survey was how optimistic people were about the possibilities of climate
change being stopped. Unaspiringly MEDCs have a far lower percentage of the population believing
it can be sopped (both UK and Germany 9%). I think this is because MEDCs are so reluctant to change,
as it will greatly affect the way they live their life. So if they resign to the fact that climate change is
going to happen and whatever anyone does it cannot be stopped it is almost sanctioning and
accepting their behavior.
In conclusion the survey tells us that the population of MEDCs believe that climate change simply
cannot be stopped and therefore on a local level countries should be using adaptation techniques
although 74% of the population of the UK believe it isn't a problem and no action should be
undertaken. The population of BRIC countries believes that adaptation on the local scale is the way
forward, and they are concerned, committed and optimistic about climate change. The attitude of
BRICs Is far healthier.


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