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Population Change
All Definitions:
Population structure: the breakdown of a country's population into groups defined by age and sex.
Death Rate: the number of deaths per thousand population per year, expressed as deaths per thousand
Age specific Death Rate: this shows death rates per thousand…

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o There may be a higher amount of children in countries with social services, as the children are payed
o However, they must go into education rather than employment and so are seen as less of an
o There are expectations of who will care for the parents…

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o Public health acts in the mid and late 19th century led to improved water supply and the sewage
disposal systems in the towns.
o Through most of the 19th century, demand for labour in the factories and low wages for the workers
meant that it was an economic advantage…

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Population Pyramids and the Demographic Transition Model:
Birth rates and death rates affect a countries population structure.
This can be shown with a population pyramid:

pyramids can be drawn for
each stage of the

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Using Population Pyramids for predictions:
Represents a snapshot of a country's population at any one time. They can be animated to show how the
country's population may develop in future using:
o The present population structure
o Present birth rates and fertility rates
o Present death rates and life expectancy…

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Two unforeseen consequences of the policy were the practice of female infanticide and the abandonment of
baby girls.
Most reports of this were from rural areas where the sons would marry and bring their wives to live on the
parents' farm to support them in old age. In such a…

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o People migrating to town looking for work and opportunities
o Natural growth. Birth rates were high, partly due to demand for labour.
o The area of London was growing rapidly after transport systems developed in 1840s
What Makes Cities Grow?
All urban population growth is caused by a combination…

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o A suburban area
o An area of rural/urban fringe
o An area of rural settlement
Migration Patterns:
Countries with highest emigration rates include; China, India, Mongolia, Indonesia, Mexico, Bangladesh, Turkey,
DR Congo and Kazakhstan
Countries with highest immigration rates include; North America, Canada, Russia, Australia, Argentina, UAE,
Chad, England,…

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Montserrat is a small island in the Caribbean.
There is a volcanic area located in the south of the island, called Soufriere Hills.
The volcanic peak here is called Chances peak. It had been dormant over 300 years.
In 1995 the volcano began to give off warning signs of an…

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There were 19 million pedestrian crossings alone.
In 2000, 1.6 million immigrants were caught at the border.
Crossings can be prevented by:
Visa only entry.
Restriction by education, skills or language using a points system.
Dependence on family or marriage.
Physical restraints such as the Berlin wall (through force).


Mr A Gibson


These really are what they claim to be... everything you need for Population and some great case studies too.

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