Royalist defeat after the first civil war

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Royalist defeat after the First civil war
The Resources Available to Both Sides:
Parliament had the upper hand, mainly due to the areas controlled which were rich in
trade. What made the Royalist weakness damaging was that they had fewer resources
and longterm advantages to squander. The counties controlled by Royalists were
poorer then the Parliamentarian southeast. The Midland counties were also the scene
of constant fierce fighting. And Parliament's control of the navy and most of the major
ports, the king was never able to make full use of his foreign allies.
The Royalist's Military Organisation:
War effort:
Charles turned to tradition and personal contacts
Built his war effort around local aristocrats with regional powers
Funding and Recruitment:
Committees of the wealthier gentry were formed to raise money and recruit soldiers.
The gentry were to liaise with the commanders of local garrisons so their needs could
be supplied out of local taxation to confiscate the estates of local Parliamentarians.
However the Royalists' war effort was still based on the county and its traditional office
holders. Money was expected to be used on local help but may have been used for the
main campaign instead (taxes). During 1643, the king grouped counties into military
districts and placed them under the command of regional aristocratic governors
(grandees). The county divided into 6 military zones each commanded by a Royalist
The Royalists should have enjoyed an immediate advantage of a clear command
structure. Instead Charles' armies were riddled with personal rivalries, confused
command structures and wounded pride. Prince Rupert took control of the cavalry from
the Earl of Lindsey.
The Parliamentarian's Military Organisation:
War effort:
Parliament, when organising itself for war, was more impersonal and arbitrary, using its
legislative power to create a taxcollecting bureaucracy supporting a professional
standing army.
Parliament's war effort began with the Militia Ordinance of March 1642. In July
parliament appointed a Committee of Safety to oversee the conduct of war and voted to

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In August officers were sent from London to coordinate county defences,
and seen county committees formed. (Initially it appeared Parliament was following the
same traditional path as the king).
Funding and Administration:
Parliament introduced innovations unlike the traditional methods. In 1643 they passed
a series of ordinances aimed at securing funding as the basis for future. The county
committees were authorised to enforce these ordinances. These measures laid the
foundations for a government raising taxes based more closely on the actual wealth of
the individual.…read more

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Many Irish troops brought into England were captured or killed at
Natwich. The `Irish peace divided' never really materialised for the king. Parliament's
control of the navy prevented large numbers of Irish troops available for such service
was smaller than was generally believed. It looked to parliament that Charles was in
favour of a catholic rule.
The Parliamentarians:
In August 1643 Parliament formed an alliance with the Scots called the Solemn League
and Covenant.…read more

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Earl of Manchester and Oliver Cromwell. The third party the `Radicals' lead by Henry
Marten, argued that the king will never negotiate in good faith and would need to
dictate terms to him. If the king kept rejecting their terms, they would have to consider
more radical terms, even a republic "Pure republicans" because of the way Charles
behaved.…read more


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