RE/RS Edexcel Unit 3 Catholic Christianity Full Notes

I have another one uploaded on this website for unit 3 as "Revision Notes" but it was quite a bad way to set it out so just download this word document instead :]

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  • Created on: 22-05-16 20:26
Preview of RE/RS Edexcel Unit 3 Catholic Christianity Full Notes

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Believing in God Unit 3.1:
Main Features of a Catholic Upbringing:
Teach their Children prayers and about the Saints.
Send their Children to a Catholic School where they'll meet other Catholic Children.
Go to Church usually every week to pray and worship God
Have Religious Sacraments worshipping God such as Baptism Holy Communion etc.
How a Catholic Upbringing may lead to belief in God:
Their Parents will teach them about God and they're likely to believe what their parents
tell them.
Catholic Parents teach them how to pray to God which becomes a daily routine of their
lives.
Seeing many people whilst in Church also praying to God will make them think God must
exist.
Being confirmed would support belief as they'll learn more during confirmation lessons
and may have a religious experience when the Bishop touches them with his hand
How Religious Experiences may lead to belief in God:
Numinous The experience will make them feel God is real. If you become aware of a
presence greater than you, you're likely to think that presence is God.
Conversion It gives them the feeling of "being born again" and makes them feel God is
calling them to do something.
Miracles The experience will make them think that they have just witnessed one of God's
actions on Earth and so will make them think God is real.
Prayer If their prayer is answered it makes them feel that God has listened to what
they've asked for and made it a reality.
Design Argument and how it may lead to belief in God:
Everything designed needs a designer.
Plenty evidence the world has been designed
If the world has been designed it must have a designer.
Only possible designer for something so complex and amazing is God.
How Design Argument may not lead to belief in God:
Ignores evidence for lack of design in things like diseases, earthquakes volcanoes etc.
Does not refer to dinosaurs which must be part of design but no one believes they
could've been part of design.
Only proves the Universe has a designer, not God. The designer could've been many Gods.

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How Causation Argument may lead to belief in God:
Everything has a cause e.g. water temp falls to create solid ice at 0 degrees.
Everything must be caused by something as you cannot cause your own existence
You can't keep going back with causes; Universe must have a first cause.
Only possible first cause is God.
How Causation Argument may not lead to belief in God:
Why should causes stop at God? God must need a cause too.…read more

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As there's Evil and Suffering either God isn't omnipotent or he doesn't exist.
Catholic Response to Evil and Suffering:
Suffering is result of the misuse of free will
Suffering gives us a chance to be better and more charitable people
Good can sometimes come from suffering. No Good without Bad.
Suffering lets us develop moral virtues.
Matters of Life and Death Unit 3.2:
Why Catholics believe in Life after Death:
Resurrection of Jesus. If Jesus rose from the dead then there's life after death.…read more

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UK Law on Abortion:
The mother's life is at risk.
There is a risk of injury to mother's physical or mental health.
There is a risk that another child would put at risk the mental or physical health of
children.
There is a substantial risk that the baby might be born handicapped.
Why Abortion is a controversial issue:
Many religions believe life begins at the moment of conception meaning abortion's wrong.…read more

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They regard any form of euthanasia as murder.
They believe in the sanctity of life so only God has the right to take a life.
"Some Christians" Response to Euthanasia:
Any form of euthanasia is wrong and so is switching off the life support machines and
giving doses of painkillers.
They take Bible Teachings literally and the Bible bans all forms of suicide.
Regard all forms of Euthanasia as murder.…read more

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Marriage and Family Life Unit 3.3:
How and why attitudes to Cohabitation and Marriage have changed:
Most people have sex before marriage.
Socially acceptable for people to cohabit before marriage.
Average marriages increased with amount of marriages in church decreasing.
Increased Availability of effective contraception.
Christianity lost its influence as fewer people went to church.…read more

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Teaches that sex was given to humans by God for joy, pleasure and bond of a married couple
and must be used for procreation.
The Bible says that premarital sex and promiscuity is sinful and Christians must follow the
Bible.
Catechism teaches that premarital sex is wrong and Catholics are encouraged to follow the
teachings of the Church.
They are against adultery because it is condemned in the ten commandments which all
Christians should follow
Purposes of Marriage in Catholic Christianity:
Procreation of Children.…read more

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Christian children are expected to care for their parents when they're unable to care for
themselves.
Main purposes of a Catholic marriage are to have children and bring them up in a secure
Catholicloving environment.
Catechism teaches that the family was created by God as the basic unit of society and as the
only place in which children should be brought up.…read more

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Feel that the major Christian Belief in love and acceptance means that homosexuals must be
accepted.
Many believe that inspiration comes from the Holy Spirit and if Christians feel the spirit
approves of their homosexuality it cannot be denied.
Natural Methods of Contraception:
Natural Family Planning. Involves planning sex around most infertile times during the woman's
monthly cycle.
Using a device that measure hormone levels in the urine. 94% effective if used properly.
Needs couple to be in a stable relationship.
Requires Planning.…read more

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Sex Discrimination Act Made it illegal to discriminate against women in employment.
1979 Thatcher becomes 1st democratically elected leader of Western Nation
Today men and women are equal in the eyes of the law
Why attitudes to the role of men and women have changed:
During WWI and WWII women had to take on many jobs previously done by men.
The development of equal rights for women in other countries (New Zealand for example)
made it difficult to claim it was not needed.…read more

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