Religious Studies Ethics Revision Guide

A revision guide for the OCR exam, containing relevant and condensed content on Absolutism and Relativism, Deontology and Teleology, Natural Law, Situation Ethics (Religious Ethics), Kantian Ethics and Utilitarianism. 

It also includes the application of these theories to Abortion, the Right to a Child, Euthanasia, War and Peace, and Genetic Engineering.

Some of the content is taken from the OCR textbook for students.

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AS Ethics Revision Guide
March 2015 For the Summer 2015 Examination
© Toni Adejuyigbe
1

Page 3

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Page 4

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Absolutism To maintain that some things are right and others are wrong, always
and for everyone, is to take an absolutist view. Absolutists believe that certain
ethical norms or precepts exist, independent of human experience. These moral
rules are objective and universal. Absolutists believe that immoral acts are
intrinsically wrong.…

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· Doesn't give room for adjustments
· The extremities are morally dubious
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Relativism Relativists believe that there are no objective truths Moral values are
relative to societies and to individuals. Concepts like goodness, justice and truth
have a range of meanings. Moral statements reflect people's responses to issues
rather than the "right" answer. The only categorical or `absolute' statement that a
relativist…

Page 8

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Deontology Deontological originates from the Greek word "duty". A deontological
ethical approach starts from the understanding that there are certain rules that
ought to be obeyed ­ and they are binding on the
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moral agent. Duty comes first: you should obey the rules and follow your duty
even if it isn't in your favour or to your advantage.
Deontological Approaches: Kant The best example of a deontological approach
is Immanuel Kant. He argued that reason shows us what to do: "act in such…

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Religious Studies Ethics Revision Guide

A revision guide for the OCR exam, containing relevant and condensed content on Absolutism and Relativism, Deontology and Teleology, Natural Law, Situation Ethics (Religious Ethics), Kantian Ethics and Utilitarianism. 

It also includes the application of these theories to Abortion, the Right to a Child, Euthanasia, War and Peace, and Genetic Engineering.

Some of the content is taken from the OCR textbook for students.

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
AS Ethics Revision Guide
March 2015 For the Summer 2015 Examination
© Toni Adejuyigbe
1

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Absolutism To maintain that some things are right and others are wrong, always
and for everyone, is to take an absolutist view. Absolutists believe that certain
ethical norms or precepts exist, independent of human experience. These moral
rules are objective and universal. Absolutists believe that immoral acts are
intrinsically wrong.…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
· Doesn't give room for adjustments
· The extremities are morally dubious
2

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Relativism Relativists believe that there are no objective truths Moral values are
relative to societies and to individuals. Concepts like goodness, justice and truth
have a range of meanings. Moral statements reflect people's responses to issues
rather than the "right" answer. The only categorical or `absolute' statement that a
relativist…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Deontology Deontological originates from the Greek word "duty". A deontological
ethical approach starts from the understanding that there are certain rules that
ought to be obeyed ­ and they are binding on the
3

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Page 10

Preview of page 10
moral agent. Duty comes first: you should obey the rules and follow your duty
even if it isn't in your favour or to your advantage.
Deontological Approaches: Kant The best example of a deontological approach
is Immanuel Kant. He argued that reason shows us what to do: "act in such…

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No comments have yet been made