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WHAT IS KANT'S THEORY OF ETHICS?
Kant believed in an objective right and wrong based on reason. We should do the right thing just
because it is right and not because it fulfils our desires or is based on our feelings. We know
what is right not by relying on our intuitions or facts about the world, but by using our reason.…read more

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He roots the view of morality in reason to the exclusion of everything
else, and rejects especially Hume's idea that morality is rooted in desires or feelings. He does
not reject desires and feelings, but says that they have nothing to do with morality. Only reason
is universal.…read more

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THE CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE ­ MORAL
Categorical imperatives are moral commands and do not begin with an `if' because they tell
everyone what to do and do not depend on anything, especially desires or goals. According to
Kant these categorical imperatives apply to everyone because they are based on an objective a
priori law of reason which Kant calls the categorical imperative. This is a test to judge whether
an action is in accordance with pure practical reason.…read more

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Pure practical reason must be impartial and so its
principles must apply equally to everyone.
4) Any action that ignores the individual dignity of a human
being in order to achieve its ends is wrong.
THE THREE POSTULATES OF PRACTICAL REASON
Apart from making the individual the sole authority for moral judgement, Kant's theory of ethics
seems to grant freedom to do anything that can be consistently universalised.…read more

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Kant's emphasis on duty implies that an action is only made moral by an underlying
intention to do one's duty. However, it is not always possible to separate intentions from
ends, as intentions are closely linked with what we do. In addition, our motives are not
always pure and people seldom act from pure practical reason we more often help
others because we like them or we feel sorry for them. Some philosophers think that
putting duty above feeling is cold and inhuman.…read more

Comments

Cameron Inwood

WOW these are amazing!!!!

Do you by any chance have these for any of the other ethical theories/ applied topics

Thanks for uploading such a great resource

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