Religion & Equality - OCR B604

Revision Notes for Religion & Equality 

GCSE OCR R.S. Philosophy & Ethics B

- Prejudice and Equality

- Attitudes to Equality

- Attitudes to other religions

- Forgiveness and reconciliation

- Bible verses

- Exam questions

Exam: Tuesday 14th June - Good Luck!

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  • Created by: Patrick I
  • Created on: 11-06-11 17:58
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Religion & Equality B604
PREJUDICE AND EQUALITY
KEY TERMS
Prejudice: Pre-judged negative thought or opinion towards a person or group of people, without any real
knowledge of that person as an individual
Discrimination: Acting upon ones prejudice, treating someone badly, or in a different way, because of
prejudice against them
Racism/Sexism/Ageism: Discriminate wholly against a certain race; gender or age group
The extent to which these views are held/actions are taken can vary hugely ­ from very minor to extreme
Equality: Being equal to others in treatment and in value
Community: The people who live in a certain place and often share religious or cultural characteristics
CAUSES OF PREJUDICE
Ignorance: Lack of understanding between cultures leading people to think they are `lesser' in some way
Stereotyping: Being prejudiced against one person because they belong to a certain group
Scapegoating: Blaming certain groups for problems in society
Media: The media can portray different groups as having negative characteristics, causing people to judge
them without fully knowing them as individuals
RACISM
Racism is based on stereotypes, fixed and standardised images of groups of people, used to promote
negative thoughts and actions
The media may, often unwillingly, fuel these negative stereotypes ­ which biases people
There have been many instances of racial discrimination in the UK, sometimes due to racial segregation.
This has led to riots and murders
Racism lads to further segregation and hostility
The government is trying to promote the idea of being `British' as something that transcends racial
and cultural differences, in an attempt to improve community cohesion
The race relations act was passed in 1976 making it illegal to discrimination on the grounds of
nationality, colour or race ­ or to publish anything which could incite (cause) racial hatred
SEX DISCRIMINATION
In the past, societies have been very male-dominated; the role of women was to stay at home, taking care
of the house and family. The second world war was the main cause in breaking these views, with women
encouraged to work in factories ­ after the war women did not want to return to being `second-class citizens'

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Religion & Equality B604
The sex discrimination act was passed in 1975 making it illegal to discriminate against people based on
gender
CHRISTIAN ATTITUDES TO EQUALITY
Key Idea: Everyone was created equally in the eyes of God, there is no
reason people should be treated differently
The teaching "do unto others what you would have them do to you" [Matthew 7:12] is fundamental to
Christian teaching
Jesus told many stories about equality, and he himself mixed with the `outcasts' of the time ­ ill people,…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
ROLES OF MEN AND WOMEN [B603]
In the past, it was seen as a women's role to take care of the home and raise children, while men went out
to work. This message has been true throughout history, re-enforced by teachings of Christianity and Islam.…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
ISLAM ­ ATTITUDES TO EQUALITY
Islam teaches that all people were created equally by Allah, but intended humanity to have
differences, meaning that we are all individuals
Muslims are united through the community of Islam, promoting racial and social harmony, as
no-one is discriminated against
The Hajj pilgrimage to Makkah demonstrates equality in that everyone wears simple white garments
Men and Women pray separately in the mosque; women may not lead the prayers od men
JUDAISM ­ ATTITUDES TO EQUALITY
Judaism…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
CHRISTIANITY & OTHER RELIGIONS
If all people are equal, are all religions equal?
In the bible, the early church had to question its attitudes towards other religions when non-Jews wanted to
become Christians. Peter had realised that him not allowing them to become Christians was unfair prejudice.
Hence the teaching "There is no longer any distinction between Gentiles (non-Jews) and Jews...…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
"In my father's house there are many rooms" ­ Room for all different types of religion?
EVANGELISM
Evangelism is the task of spreading the Christian message to those who have not heard it, or do not believe
it
Evangelism over the centuries is what has made Christianity one of the largest world religions. Early
Christians such as St.…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
FORGIVENESS & RECONCILIATION
Forgiveness means to let go of anger for someone who has done wrong.…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
KEY QUOTES
"LET YOU WHO IS WITHOUT SIN CAST THE FIRST STONE" JOHN
"...GOD DOES NOT SHOW FAVOURITISM BUT ACCEPTS MEN FROM EVERY NATION..."
ACTS
"I AM THE WAY AND THE TRUTH AND THE LIGHT. NO-ONE COMES TO THE FATHER EXCEPT
THROUGH ME" JOHN
"OUR FATHER...…read more

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Religion & Equality B604
EXAM QUESTIONS
a.) What is evangelising?
b.) How might a Christian respond to racism?
c.) Describe Christian attitudes to other religions
d.) Explain Christian attitudes to conversion
e.) "A religion that teaches that it is the one true faith cannot be tolerant of other religions" ­ Discuss
a.) What is reconciliation?
b.) What do Christians believe about seeking forgiveness?
c.) Describe Christian teachings about equality
d.) Explain Christian teaching about the role of women in society
e.…read more

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