PSYA3 Psychology Intelligence- Role of Learning in Animals


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The Role of Learning in nonHuman Animals,
Modifying behaviour in response to environmental changes is a sign of intelligence (e.g. being released
back into the wild)
Classical Conditioning.
Training animals for release in there own habitat.
Simple Conditioning: When a dolphin is fed by a human in Sea World it associates humans with
food. This can put them in danger so we can use...
Compound Conditioning: something which overshadows this simple conditioning. "Kleiman"
studied golden Lion Tamarins and used a black zipper noise to represent food. Therefore the
zipper noise was a better predictor of food than humans. This means the animals can be
protected from humans that might want to attack them.
Operant Conditioning
Foraging for Food: if a woodpecker pecks a tree and finds a grub it is positively reinforced.
However, when it goes back there again and doesn't find a grub it is negatively reinforced and
moves. "Agetsuma" studied baboons and manipulated the quality of the food in each area. They
observed more foraging where there was more food showing the animal was reinforced.
Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT): "Animal Welfare Act" states that we use PRT tp
protect animals against pain and suffering, and to allow animals to exhibit normal behaviour
Desensitisation: Pair a positive reinforcement with a feared stimulus in order to
reduce stress
CoOperative Feeding: "Bloomsmith" positively reinforced alpha male chimps to sit
still whilst younger chimps were feeding. This allows the younger chimps to survive.


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