Product design: Graphic products- Unit 3- Industrial and commercial practise

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Industrial and commercial practise
1. Information and communication technology
What is e-mail?
Email is the simplest form of electronic communication.
What are the 4 advantages of e-mail?
Quick, easy and convenient means of communicating around the world.
Widespread usage (anyone with a computer connected to the internet).
E-mail exchange can be saved as a dated record of correspondence.
Documents can be attached electronically and can be saved and edited easily.
What are 4 disadvantages of e-mail?
Impersonal and some messages can be misinterpreted
Influx of messages to inbox increases time to read and respond
`Spamming' of unsolicited commercial e-mail, often with inappropriate content.
Privacy and security issues as a message can be intercepted and read.
Limitations on size of attachments.
What is Electronic data interchange?
A new way for companies to do paperless business using a process that transfers business documents through a
computer network, rather than via the postal system.
What can EDI be used for?
To transmit large CAD drawings and multinational companies use EDI to communicate between locations world-wide.
EDI can also be used to transmit financial information and payment in electronic form.
What is the process EDI uses?
The document is retrieved from their mailbox and an EDI translator opens the envelope and translates the data from
the standard form to their application's format. The translator ensures that the data sent by one company is
converted into a format that another can use.
What are the 4 advantages of EDI for business?
Saves money by eliminating the need for processing paper documents
Saves time as information is transferred digitally.
Improves customer service as business documents are transferred quicker with fewer errors.
Expands customer base due to improved customer service through efficient EDI processes.
What are the 4 disadvantages of EDI for business?
Incompatibility with some companies due to standard document formats.
Standards updated regularly, which causes problems with different versions in use.
Expensive to initially set up.
Limits trading to only companies with EDI.
What is the purpose of integrated Service Digital Networks?
To provide fully integrated digital services to users comprising digital telephony and data-transport services through
existing telephone networks. It represents the effort to combine subscribed services such as internet service
provision and telecommunications into one package.
What process does ISDN use?
ISDN involves the digitalisation of the telephone network, which enables voice, data, text graphics, music and video
to be transmitted at high speeds over existing telephone line.
What are the advantages of ISDN?
Huge amounts of information can be transferred across computer networks at far greater speeds than ever

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It enables users to have additional phone lines installed so that the internet could be used at the same time as
the telephone without callers receiving a busy signal.
What are the 5 different types of broadband access, give an advantage and disadvantage for each?
Asymmetric digital subscriber line- a way of sending data along an existing telephone line using technology
that packs more information into the signal. Easy to install but downloading information is much faster than
sending.…read more

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D computer models can be used alongside prototype models to aid visualisation but have the advantage of
being easily changed.
A function called bi-directional parametric association aids modification by causing the slightest change to a
design feature to automatically change any other design feature linked with it.
They can be used to determine if parts will fit together correctly within the required tolerance.
It is relatively inexpensive to create the simulations and can be performed in a relatively short time.
They are repeatable.…read more

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Availability of products information to inform purchasing decisions.
Online discounts and savings through price comparison websites.
Convenience of shopping at home.
What are 4 disadvantages of internet marketing?
Security concerns regarding input of personal bank details when purchasing goods.
Personal information can be shared with other companies without the customers consent.
Difficult to find website without exact details resulting in need for other expensive methods of marketing.
Slow internet connection can cause difficulties in accessing information.
Difficulty in navigating complicated web pages.…read more

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What are 3 disadvantages of GCI?
Expensive hardware and special programs are required to obtain and process the data
Highly skilled technical animators required
The technology becomes obsolete rapidly as better software and techniques are developed.
Movement that does not follow the laws of physics generally cannot be represented.
3.…read more

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Agricultural uses
Medical uses
Pharmaceutical uses
New natural fibres
Replacement for expanded polystyrene
What is Biopol?
A trade name of British chemical company ICI for the first fully biodegradable polymer, polyhydroxybutrate.
How is it produced?
In nature through the fermentation by Alcaligenes eutrophus bacteria of sugars and other carbohydrates that are
collected in their cells as reserve material. Once this reserve material is separated and refined from the bacteria, a
white powdered polymer is extracted.…read more


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