Problem of Evil Revision Notes

Just some simple catergorized notes to help when writing an essay. Everything in short sentences so easy to read through and not that time consuming.

Pre-highlighted the important key words & quotations. :-)

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 11-05-13 10:38
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Essay structures
Problem of Evil
-Definition of natural evil and moral evil
-Anthropocentric view of evil
We only look at the world through our own experience
But doing good is when something fulfils its purpose
A good volcano is one that erupts
-How evil tests faith (use Holocaust as case study)
-Explanations for Holocaust
1. God's test
2. Gain greater understanding of God and ourselves
3. Show you care for those who are suffering
4. Free-will
5. People need to be punished so God had to do it
-Evil as a test (story of Job in the Bible)
-Qur'an Quote `And we shall certainly try you with something of fear and hunger and loss of property
and lives and fruits. And give good news to the patient' (Surah 1:155)
-Covenant; did Jews or God break their side of the covenant
God promised to look after the Jews
God promised to make the Jews the chosen people
God promised to give the Jews a land
Jews promised to love God
Jews promised to keep God's commandments
-How the Holocaust led the Jews to have their land because other countries felt guilty (Middle East)
-Evil and Suffering; Inconsistent Triad by J. L. Mackie and its solutions
God could in fact be evil
God doesn't exist
Evil doesn't exist
Attributes of Judeo-Christian God may be wrong
-Jeremiah 12:1 `Why does the way of the wicked prosper. Why do the faithless live at ease?'

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St. Augustine Theodicy
God did not create evil because evil is not a substance it's a lacking; a
`privation boni'
God allowed the possibility of evil when he gave us free-will
We have to have free will in order to be rational beings able to make
Adam and Eve chose evil over good because they had free will
Free will also means love is more genuine so God gave the Angels and Humans the choice
whether to love and obey him or not.…read more

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St. Irenaean Theodicy
God allows evil and suffering. The world was deliberately created with a mixture of good and
We can develop and grow as humans beings into a mature and free relationship with God
Genesis 1:26 `let us make man in our image, in our likeness'
To be in God's image we need Free will also without free will as Kant said goodness would not
mean anything.…read more

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Heaven for all is unjust and contradicts the idea that God will punish the wicked
2. Irenaeus said evil is for development but we have no reason to be moral if everyone
goes to heaven; it's pointless
3. The amount of suffering is unfair
4. Suffering cannot be an expression of God's love. D. Z. Phillips said it's never
justifiable to hurt someone in order to help them
5.…read more


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