Philosophy Revision AS

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  • Philosophy AS
    • Plato
      • Analogy of the Cave
        • Philosophers should lead the country
          • The Divided Line
            • Rationalist, a priori.
      • The Realm of the forms
        • The Form of the Good
          • The Divided Line
            • Rationalist, a priori.
      • The Paradox of Learning
      • Aristotle
        • The 4 Causes
          • 1.Material (potentiality and actuality)
          • 2.Efficient Cause
          • 3.Formal Cause (Plato VS Aristotle)
          • 4. Final cause (infinite regression and prime mover)
        • The Prime Mover
          • Cause and Effect
      • Judeo-Christian God
        • God as Craftsman
          • God sculpted the world with what was already there.
            • More anthropomorphic view of God.
        • Creatio Ex Nihilio
          • God created the world out of nothing
            • More typical view. "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth."
        • Attributes of God
          • POOBIT
            • Euthyphro Dilemma
      • The Teleological Argument
        • Aquinas
          • God must exist because non-intelligent material creates beneficial order.
            • Arrow analogy
        • Paley
          • The universe is complex and so there must be a designer
            • Design Qua Regularity and Design Qua Purpose
              • God must exist because non-intelligent material creates beneficial order.
                • Arrow analogy
              • Tennant
                • Aesthetic Argument
                • Anthropic Principle
            • Watch Analogy
        • Hume
          • 6 criticisms. Puddle Anaolgy
            • Darwin and Evolution.
            • Mill problem of evil
      • The Cosmological Argument
        • Aquinas
          • 3 ways to God
            • 1.Unmoved mover
            • 2.The uncaused causer
            • 3.Possibility and Neccessity
            • Copleston Vs Russell
              • C= for God. God is necessary as contingent things exist for a reason which is outside of themselves.
                • Liebniz - Thing principle for Sufficient reason.
              • R= The universe isn't a thing it is brute fact. To say that God is necessary is wrong because only statements can be so.
          • Hume and his 4 criticisms.
            • Other criticisms = its self contradictory and humans can move themselves.
      • The Moral Argument
        • Kant
          • There is an absolute moral code that should be followed through the CI. By following this we should achieve the Summum Bonum
          • ought implies can
        • Freud
          • Cultural relativism
            • Morals come from our parents. Conscience comes from overcoming the oedipus complex. Involves the parts of the mind.
        • Evolution Darwin
          • Morals are a survival tactic.
      • The Ontological Argument
        • Anselm
          • 2ways. 1. God must exist 2. God is necessary must exist. Greater to be necessary than contingent
        • Descartes
          • God is a supremely perfect being who entails existence, as he has all perfections.
        • Malcolm
          • Necessary beings = exist or impossible. God must exist
        • Gaunilo
          • Perfect Island. Reduced to absurdity.
        • Kant
          • Existence is not a predicate
            • Frege and Russell build on this
      • The Problem of Evil
        • The Inconsistent Triad -Mill
          • Irenaeus - Soul making
          • Augustine - Soul deciding
      • Religion and Science
        • Intelligent Design = Behe and the Bacterial Flagellum... climbing mount improbable
        • Religion and Science can work together
          • Day- Age Theory
          • Gap Theory
          • Framework interpretation
          • God as source of the Big Bang
          • Theistic Evolution

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