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Population Policies

Pro-natalist policies

E.g. France 1920's and 1950's
E.g. Nazi Germany and fascist Italy
Military Strength- India Vs. Pakistan- India higher population, more military strength
Stimulate and strengthen economy- Malaysia target 2020 population of 50 million

Anti Natal policies

Provision of family planning
Incentives, particularly tax wise…

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Mao did nothing to reduce China's expanding population which doubled under his leadership. He
believed that birth control was a capitalist plot to weaken the country and make it vulnerable to
attack. He also liked to say `every mouth comes with two hands attached'. For a while Mao urged

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It was thought that China's population would have continue to decline due to a falling birth
rate without the one child policy
Some people suggest that if the population policy had not been put in place China would hav
experienced a much faster decline in population

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Education was important as if people weren't educated and couldn't read, then propaganda posters
to tell them to have fewer children etc.

Kerala now has a literacy rate of over 90%

Lowest infant mortality in India, highest life expectancy in India

Lowest rate of population growth in India

Kenya population…

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The Singaporean population was also encouraged to delay marriage and marry later in the
hopes of having less children
Women were also looked down upon if they had a third child or more and their third child
could not get priority in school unless the mother presented a sterilisation certificate.…

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the country as a whole it is not received well by much of the Singaporean public and the
increase in immigration has been met with a very xenophobic reaction. (Anon., 2010)
For a while the `three or more' policy was effective, causing a fluctuating but rising birth rate
to 1.6…

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babies enjoy a Baby Bonus of $3,000 cash for their first child, up to $9,000 cash and
matching contributions for their second child, and up to $18,000 cash and matching
contributions if the baby is a third or fourth child. The accelerated disbursement of the cash
component over two years…

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However many politicians were unwilling to take up the issue of family planning and so no
new policy was developed. Also in Delhi, central policies were abandoned to do with family
planning services and supplies. However some states such as Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan
designed their own programs in which…

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The project also found that by setting up women's clubs and involving women in community
wide family planning activities was a successful method of getting women to accept family
planning as well and so the government decided to set a women's club up in every village in
the state.

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3. Price of housing was increased (especially in the Northern cities)- very difficult for young
adults to set up their own home
4. Fewer well paid but low skilled jobs
5. State social security for families and children much lower than in most other EU countries

Policies in Europe



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