P.E Deviancy

Notes on Ethics, Deviancy and the Law

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  • Created on: 21-06-10 15:29
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Sport, ethics, deviancy and the law
Deviant behaviour is behaviour which goes against society's general norms and
values. This can be criminally deviant or morally deviant.
`Against society's norms and values' shows that someone or some group on society
has imposed their set of ideas on others.
This group would be considered the dominant group in society and in the UK could be
deemed to be white male and middle class.
This is the group that has the most control and power in terms of distribution or
resources and decision making at the highest levels.
`On the field' deviant behaviour includes `violations of norms that occur while
preparing or participating in sports events'. It can be caused by the pressure of the
media, coaches, sponsorship deals and so on.
If the athlete's behaviour breaks the rules of the sport it can be dealt with
appropriately, but a culture has developed that accepts this type of behaviour and even
deems it necessary for the sake of the win.
Negative deviancy: in sporting situations this can include violations such as
deliberately fouling another player or taking performance enhancing drugs. The main
motivation is to win at all costs.
Positive deviancy: athletes are encouraged to behave in ways that would be
unacceptable in other spheres of life. This can be classed as overconformity to the
sport ethic. An example may be where the athlete is encouraged to overtrain to
perform when injured in some aspects of life we would not encourage someone to
cause further harm to their health.
All sport involves some sort of conflict which can be positive or negative it is the
essence of competition. If it is controlled it is functional, but if not is can see become
dysfunctional.
We attempt to control any conflict situations by channelling that aggression in a
positive way which can act as a catharsis or stress relief.
Channelled aggression or balanced tension is the ability to utilise all your resources to
achieve optimum performance without using unlawful or unethical strategies.
Spectator violence hooliganism
Professional football is by far the most popular sport in Britain.

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Although football hooliganism only became recognised by the government and the
media as a serious problem in the 1960s, hooligan behaviour has a long history.
`Roughs' were regularly reported as causing trouble at matches in the professional
game's early years at the end of the 19th century, on occasions attacking and stoning
referees as well as visiting players.
It was not until the early 1960s that the media coverage of football began to once more
regularly report hooliganism at matches.…read more

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Hooliganism could be the search for a `flow' or peak' experience.…read more

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Its new commercialised and highly marketed format may be leaving behind sections of
the game's traditional' audience including, perhaps, some hooligan fans.…read more

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Loyalty Improve facilities
Importance of event
Media hype
Alcohol
Frustration
Use of performance enhancing drugs
Drugs banned by WADA
Drugs which are Substances banned Prohibited methods Classes banned in
banned during during and outside specific sports
competition the competitive
season
Stimulants Anabolic agents Enhancement of Alcohol
oxygen transfer
(EPO)
Narcotics Hormones and Pharmacological, Beta blockers
related substances chemical and
physical
manipulation
Cannabinoids Beta2agonists Gene doping
Glucocortiods Antioestrogenic
agents
Diuretics and other
masking agents
Types of drugs Reasons for use Sideeffects Sport
Anabolic steroids Promote muscle…read more

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Increased
endurance
Beta blockers Steady nerves Lowers blood Shooting
Stop trembling pressure Archery
Slows heart rate Snooker
Tiredness
Diuretics Lose weight Dehydration Jockeys
quickly Dizziness Boxers
Faintness
Peptide hormones Build and mend Muscle wasting Similar to steroids
muscle Increases red
Increase oxygen blood cells in blood
transport
Blood doping Body has more Allergic reactions Running
energy to work AIDs/hepatitis Cycling
Blood clots Marathons
Skiing
Why performers Why performers Why not lift the Strategies to
take anabolic shouldn't take drug ban? prevent doping
steroids drugs
To…read more

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Drugs easily Many of the Better technology
accessible banned substances for testing
are not illegal
Increased In many cases Use of both
aggression testing has proved positive and
unsound negative role
jeopardising models
athlete's careers
Drugs and the IOC
The IOC was forced to take action in the 1960s following the death of a cyclist who
overdosed on amphetamines in the Rome Olympics and after scandals at the Tokyo
games.…read more

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Thus, the authorities have been forced to make sport as accountable as other social
activities.
Performers:
Performers have accepted and understood the activities they participate in by abiding
by the rules of the activity. However, should an opponent act outside the rules of the
activity, the performer could legitimately claim assault.
Performers are like employees like anyone else and as such can be said to have the
same employment rights as any other workers.
Performers seek success, sometimes unethically by the use of banned substances.…read more

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