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How did the Alliance system develop before 1900?
The First World War broke out in 1914. The root causes of this war lay in the alliance systems that were formed
in Europe and in further crises that arose in Morocco and the Balkans. The rivalry between the alliances led
countries to increase their armed forces and to develop war plans.…read more

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What other alliances were formed prior to 1914?
Agreements signed by France
After their defeat by Prussia in 187071 in the FrancoPrussian War, French hatred of Germany and their
wish for revenge dominated their foreign policy in the years up to the First World War. However, France
was unable to get revenge on Germany on their own.
Bismark had worked hard to keep France isolated, but the new Kaiser, Wilhelm II (Wilhelm I died in 1888)
sacked Bismark.…read more

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The AngloRussian Entente allowed the two countries to settle differences.
riple Entente didn't officially exist.
4. The T
The key features of Kaiser Wilhelm's foreign policy
The AngloGerman Rivalry
Britain controlled the seas with the most powerful navy which it used for protection and it kept open
trade with its empire. As long as Britain had the world's strongest navy, it could make sure its Empire was
safe.…read more

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The Moroccan Crises
The First Moroccan Crisis ­ 190505
Morocco was an uncolonised African country, but France wanted to add it to its empire.
Germany objected ­ and demanded an international conference on Morocco's future.
At the Algeciras Conference in 1906, Germany was forced to back down by British, Italian, Russian and
Spanish support for France taking control of Morocco's police and banks.
The Second Moroccan Crisis (Agadir) ­ 1911
The French sent troops to Fez to fight Moroccan rebels.…read more

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The Bosnian Crisis
The Bosnian Crisis ­ 190809
The next crisis between the Great Powers arose in the Balkans, the area of southeastern Europe which
consisted of many small countries that were in the process of becoming independent from the Turkish
Ottoman Empire. Most of this area was occupied by Slavs. Serbia was the leading Slav state in the
Balkans and it wanted to unite all other states under Serbian leadership.
AustriaHungary was also concerned about the Balkans.…read more

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What were the consequences of the events in Sarajevo on the start of the First World War?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Franz Ferdinand visited Sarajevo on 28th June 1914. This was a national festival day for the Serbs, so
feeling against the visit was high. In spite of this, security measures were poor. There were only 120
police to cover a journey of 6km.…read more

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August 1914. At this stage, the war only involved the east of Europe. It
declared war on Russia on 1st
was the Schlieffen Plan ­ Germany's plan for was that ensured it spread to the west.
What effects did the Schlieffen Plan have on the outbreak of the First World War?
Summary of the Schlieffen Plan
1. The Schlieffen was planned in 1905 by Germany to allow them to fight a war on two fronts.
2.…read more

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