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1. The Origins of the First World War
Why were there two armed camps in Europe in 1914?
Alliance systems

Alliance Date Details
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
Organised by Bismarck, chancellor of Germany
Made to stop France getting revenge and to isolate France
The triple

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The rivalry between the alliances led countries to increase their armed forced to
develop their plans.
The tensions caused by these alliances and crises resulted in the assassination of
the Archduke Franz Ferdinand which triggered off the war plans.

Three power standard navy has to be as large as the…

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Britain felt the need to have a powerful navy because it had a large overseas
empire and it is an island. Also the British army was very small. Germany started to
build up its navy in 1898 (Weltpolitik), Britain thought this was an attempt to
challenge Britain and its colonies.…

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Help France BEF (British Expeditionary Force) 150,000 highly
trained and well equipped professional soldiers. Can fight in France
at short notice.

Rivalry Increases

The First Moroccan Crisis (1905-06)

Germany promise to support Morocco's independence
France are upset because they wanted Morocco as a colony.
Britain and Russia stood by France…

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Why did war break out in 1914?
Assassination at Sarajevo ­ June 28th 1914

On 28th June Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria visited Bosnia (part of the
empire) with his pregnant wife, Sophie.
Some nationalists from Serbia wanted Bosnia to be independent, so they planned
to assassinate Franz Ferdinand…

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6 July Germany promises to support Austria-Hungary
23 July Austro-Hungarian ultimatum to Serbia
24 July Russia offers support to Serbia
28 July Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
30 July Russia begins to mobilise its forces
1 August Germany declares war on Russia
3 August Germany declares war on France, German…

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As France was anticipating a German invasion and had fortified the border
between Germany and France, the Schlieffen plan involved a German invasion of
France from the north through the neutral country of Belgium.
The Germans felt they would not have to fight Russia straight away because
Russia was w…

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Responsibility for the outbreak of war


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