Slides in this set
THE EFFECTS OF THE GREAT WAR ON GERMANY
· After a year of the Great War Germans started to protest and
· By 1916, anti-war demonstrations were getting bigger
· In the winter of 1916-17 it was bitterly cold, so potato crops
· Most people lived on turnips instead
· There was little in the war they were fighting
· Trench warfare meant living in muddy dugouts for weeks on
end, worrying about being blown to bits by shell-fire or being
suffocated by poisonous gas.
· Morale was low and Germans were thoroughly sick of the war.
· People bean to listen to anti-war speeches made by
communists and socialists
· Germans were in general fed up of war.…read more
THE ORIGINS OF THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
· Before WW1 Germany had been a proud nation.
· Wilhelm II had been Kaiser since 1888 and was
determined to build up the strength of the German
· He hoped a swift victory in 1914 would help this,
however after 4 years of fighting Germany was
exhausted, morale was low and the Kaiser was
· Following defeat in WW1, and the abdication of the
Kaiser just two days before the end of the war,
Germany had to create a new government, which
became known as the Weimar Republic.…read more
THE NAVAL MUTINIES
· The spark of the revolution was lit on the 28th October when
Germany's navy were ordered to be put to sea for the battle with
· Sailor on two ships refused to put out fires in the boiler rooms.
· 600 sailors were arrested
· Their comrades held a meeting to protect against the arrest, at
the meeting eight were shot dead.
· Workers and soldiers joined sailors and took over the town of Kiel,
the same thing happened in ports nearby.
· Nothing Kaiser Wilhelm could do to control his country.
· All he could do was to abdicate and on the 10th of November he
secretly left Germany by train to Holland.
· Friedrich Ebert head of socialist party took place as head of
· Ebert's first action was to sign an armistice with allies to end the
Great War.…read more
THE ARMISTICE, 11TH NOVEMBER 1918
The German assumptions to what the armistice and the peace treaty were:
· The peace settlement would be fair and democratic.
· They thought all countries would disarm.
· And that it would be based on Woodrow Wilsons 14 points.
What actually happened:
· Discussions for the peace treaty were held near Paris, but Germans were
not allowed to take part.
· When the terms were presented the Germans couldn't believe how harsh
· Germany was to be punished and were told they had no option but to
How did the peace treaty impact upon German feelings toward the Weimar
· They were accused of having stabbed the the army in the back.
· Opponents of the new government referred to them as the November
THE AIMS OF THE BIG THREE AT VERSAILLES
LEADER COUNTRY MAIN AIMS
CLEMENCEAU FRANCE Wanted Alsace-Lorraine
Thought it was important to punish Germans
Wanted to weaken their economy
No army on the border
Army was to be reduced
LLOYD GEORGE BRITAIN Navy cut down so their was the strongest
Didn't want to take too much money as wanted to trade
Cut down colonies
WOODROW WILSON USA European nation to be governed democratically
Didn't want to punish Germany too badly, as they
wanted World Peace.
Wanted to make a better world.…read more