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O Behaviourists would say that we are born
with a blank slate ­ tabula rasa and that all
of our behaviour is learnt. They would say it
was learnt either through observing others,
known as the Social Learning Theory or
through Operant or Classical conditioning.
This perspective supports the nurture side of
the nature-nurture debate and often uses
animals in its experiments on behaviour.…read more

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O Freud is the forefather of the Psychodynamic
Perspective. It suggests that our mind is split into
three parts, the ID, EGO and superego and that
the ID and superego are in constant conflict with
each other. The ego acts as a mediator between
the two, it employs defence mechanisms such as
repression which push selfish thoughts into your
unconscious. These unconscious thoughts can
be accessed through psychoanalytical therapy
and free association. This perspective is often
criticised for not being scientific as it is hard to
prove or falsify its theories.…read more

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Cognitive Approach
O The cognitive approach focuses on internal
processes which cannot be seen such as
memory, thinking and language . It suggests that
our brain works like a computer: storing,
inputting and receiving data. The approach has
good practical applications in the form of
treatments for dysfunctional behaviour such as
cognitive and cognitive behavioural therapy. It
can be considered scientific as it generally uses
laboratory experiments with high control and
therefore provides support for the is psychology
a science debate.…read more

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O This approach takes a lifespan approach and
looks at how our behaviour, emotions,
morals and skills develop throughout an
individuals life. It focuses a lot on children
and looks at how childhood experiences can
affect our behaviour in adulthood. It can
provide support for the nature vs nurture
debate as it suggests that our behaviour is
an interaction between inherited factors and
lifetime experiences.…read more

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Individual Differences
O The individual differences approach focuses on
differences between individuals caused by age,
gender, culture or behaviour. They believe that
one explanation of behaviour cannot be applied
to everyone because everyone is different. They
aim to find causes for abnormal behaviour such
as MPD and believe that any behaviour which
deviates away from the norm is considered
abnormal. This approach often uses case studies
to study individuals and can provide support for
the dispositional explanation of behaviour.…read more

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