G544 Exam Handbook

A fairly detailed ''walkthrough'' on how to answer questions for the G544 exam OCR Psychology (A2) Includes a compilation of information from various sources, revised and written to prepare for the 2016 exam. (Or any other year) 

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A2 Psychology G544 || The Exam
Guide
E.K. Lim
Exam Duration: 1hr 30 minutes (90 mins)
Section A and Section B
(45 minutes per section)

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
SECTION A
Spend 45 minutes on Section A, ideally.
For Section A, you will usually be required to plan your own practical
project on the basis of research methods in psychology as well as
evaluating their uses in your own project through applying the
general pros and cons of the method.
For Section A, all questions 17 must be completed.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
How could you use a **insert sampling method** in your study?
How would you use **insert observational technique** in your study?
Topics that could arise in Section A
Experiment
Involves independent variable and dependent variable to figure out a causal effect.
Experimental projects should involve controlled manipulation of the independent
variab;e with the effects of the dependent variable measured in an appropriate manner.
There are three types of possible experiment that could be tested.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
An experiment which is conducted in highly controlled conditions where the
independent variable is carefully manipulated and controlled, with the effect on the
DV also being isolated to identify a causal effect. Usually in a laboratory setting.
Strengths: High levels of control (objectivity), extraneous variables cancelled out as
much as possible, the isolation of the cause and effect, usually reliable and replicable
due to levels of control being standardised. Easy to repeat.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
Where a participant gives a written/digital response to questions regarding a
particular subject.
Strengths: Data can be collected from a large number of people quickly and cheaply.
People may be more willing to give away personal information on paper than they
would facetoface especially if the questionnaire is anonymous. Questionnaires are
also reliable as the same questionnaire can be given out again in a standardised
manner. Collects quantitative data.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
Observation
In observations the researcher monitors and sometimes manipulates a
situation/environment and records the participant's response to it to find out what kind
of behaviour the person exhibits when subjected to a specific stimuli or to observe
natural behaviour.
General Strengths: Good for observing behaviour that people do naturally, can identify human
reactions, can see how people learn things, usually controlled in behaviour checklist.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
Participant Observation : Researcher part of the observation as a participant in it whilst
observing the real participants
Non Participant: Researcher observes them from outside the group.
Covert : Researcher does not inform the participants that they are being observed and does
not obtain informed consent from them.
Overt : Researcher informs the participants that they are being observed and obtains
informed consent to study them.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
No Correlation: #alevelproblems
Sampling Methods: Obtaining Participants
Volunteer Sample : Obtained through volunteers who wanted to take part.
Researcher publicises the study and waits for people to put their names forward.
Opportunity Sample : Made up of participants who happen to be at the right place at
the right. Researcher approaches people who are nearest to them and asks them to
take part.…read more

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How to Answer G544 Psychology Questions Written by E.K.Lim
Type 1 Error : Significant result at p>0.05 results due to IVaccept experimental/reject null
hypothesis however 5% chance that you rejected a null hypothesis that is actually correct=
false positive
Type 2 Error: not significant result at p<0.05results due to chance, reject
experimental/accept null hypothesis, 5% chance wrong= false negative.
Section B
In this part of the paper, there will be an option between Question 8 and 9.…read more

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