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Psychodynamic Perspective

(a) Outline the Psychodynamic perspective in psychology. [4 marks]

The psychodynamic perspective explains human behaviour as being dynamic (meaning it's
driven or motivated by certain forces). This perspective assumes early experiences (such as
childhood trauma) shape later personality. Unconscious conflicts and repressed memories
cause dysfunctional behaviour such as…

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validity. For example, Freud explained that Hans' phobia of horses was his way of
unconsciously transferring a fear of his father due to him being in the Oedipus complex.

Another weakness of the psychodynamic perspective is that Freud's theories regarding the
unconscious aren't falsifiable (i.e. they can't be proven right…

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