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Outline and evaluate the Working Memory Model. (12 marks)

The working memory model was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974 as an alternative
to the Multi-store model of memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin); which they thought was too
simplistic. The working memory model suggests that that our memory consists of…

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Lieberman criticises the WMM. The Visuo-Spatial Sketch pad implies that all information
was first visual. However, Lieberman points out that blind people have excellent spatial
awareness despite them never having any visual information.

Also, the working memory model only involves STM and so it is not a comprehensive model


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