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Exam Questions.
Models of memory.
A brain scan shows that one area of the brain is more active when a person is doing a verbal
task. However, when this person is doing a visual task, a different area of the brain is more
1 (a) Explain how this could relate to the working memory model. Refer to different parts
of the working memory model in your answer. (4 marks)
(b) Give an example of an appropriate verbal task and an appropriate visual task which
could be used during the brain scan. (1 + 1 marks)
The following are all concepts relating to memory:
A Duration
B Capacity
C Encoding
D Retrieval.
2 (a) In the table below, write which one of the concepts listed above (A, B, C or D)
matches each definition. (2 marks)
Definition Concept
The length of time the memory store holds
Transforming information into a form that can
be stored in memory.
3. Outline the main features of the multistore model of memory. (6 marks)
4. The multistore model of memory has been criticized in many ways. The following
example illustrates a possible criticism.
Some students read through their revision notes lots of times before an examination,
but still find it difficult to remember the information. However, the same students can
remember the information in a celebrity magazine, even though they read it only once.
Explain why this can be used as a criticism of the multistore model of memory (4 marks)
5. Tick two of the boxes below to indicate which of the following are features of the

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A Serial position curve
B Incidental learning store
C Central executive
D Phonological loop
6. Explain one strength and one weakness of the working memory model.
7. A case study was carried out on Peter whose brain was damaged in a motorcycle
accident. Psychologists tested how many numbers he could hold in his shortterm
memory. They did this by reading him lists of numbers and asking him to recall the
numbers immediately in the right order. He could recall a maximum of two items.…read more

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Explain how a cognitive interview differs from a standard interview (4 marks)
(b) Psychologists have carried out research into the use of cognitive interviews. One
possible ethical issue which might arise during this research is protection of participants from
harm. Explain how psychologists could deal with this ethical issue. (3 marks)
3. Outline and evaluate the use of the cognitive interview (12 marks)
Memory improvement.
1. Psychologists have suggested various strategies for memory improvement.
Outline one or more ways to improve memory. (4 marks)
2.…read more

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Identify a suitable measure of central tendency that could be used with these data.
Justify your answer. (2 marks)
b. The psychology students decided to use a volunteer sample. Suggest one way in which this
sample could be obtained. (2 marks)
c. Suggest one possible extraneous variable in this study. (1 mark)
d. Suggest one way in which the students could control for this extraneous variable.…read more

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