Forensic Psychology Revision Cards

They're not very condensed however they are colour coded based on which section of forensic they belong to- 

Colour codes are:

Turning to Crime= Blue:-

Upbringing (Social)= Dark Blue

Cognitive=Light Blue

Biological= Sky Blue

Making A Case= Green

Interviewing Witnesses= Green

Interviewing Suspects= Pear Green

Creating A Profile= Lime Green

Reaching A Verdict= Red

Persuading A Jury= Burgundy/Dark Red

Witness Appeal= Red

Reaching A Verdict= Pale Red

After A Guilty Verdict= Black/Grey

Imprisonment= Black

Alternatives To Prison= Light Grey

Treatment Programmes= Dark Grey

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  • Created by: Z95
  • Created on: 09-06-13 15:49
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FAMILIES (1F) criminal records, 161 had convictions. OTHERS
no. of offenders peaked at 17 yrs old.
AIM: To document start, duration + end 1013 yr olds started with criminality 1. Criminal behaviour is learned
of offending behaviour from childhood 91% reconviction + committed 9 crimes individual not capable of inventing
to adulthood. on average. ­ 1416yr olds 6 crimes on criminal behaviour without others
to investigate life events, risk + average influence.
protective factors for offending + 93% admitted committing one type of 2. CB learned interaction via
antisocial behaviour + influence of offence. communication gestures and
family background. (2F) communication.
DESIGN: Longitudinal survey RESULTS CONTINUED: 3. Principal part of learning CB
selfreport (interviews) and criminal 7% chronic offenders, conviction occurs within intimate personal
record data. careers from 1435 yrs old. groups most influence as emotional
Most chronic offs same characteristics connection + shared identity.
SAMPLE: 411 89yr boys in 1953/4 `persisters' convicted parent, high 4. CB learning: committing crime
from registers of 6 state schools in East daring, young mother, large disruptive techniques can be simple or
London. family. complicated also learns the attitudes
Boys were predominantly white Increase of successful lives from 78% taken and excuses made for behaving
working class. at 32 to 88 at 48. in a criminal fashion
At age 48, 365/394 (still alive) Desisters no diff. in life success from 5. Groups of people see the law as
interview. unconvicted. pointless and discriminatory,

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F) therefore feel it's right to break
them. (2S)
6. Individuals become criminals due RESULTS: 44.8% males + 30.6% Most important factor= youth's individual
to repeated contacts with criminal females committed at least 1 of the characteristics + the way they lived their
activity and a lack of contact with studied crimes (violence, vandalism, lives.
noncriminal activity shoplifting, burglary and theft from cars) Youths with many individual risk factors
7. Possible to obtain quant. data on during year 2000.…read more

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PETERBOROUGH YOUTH STUDY (4W+T) 1. Propensity induced youths have an
(1W+T) family social positions (social class, enduring propensity to offend due to
DESIGN: Crosssectional study ethnicity + family composition) personality/individual characteristic.
individual characteristics (selfcontrol, Small group but responsible for
SAMPLE: Nearly 2000 Yr. 10 (1415 yr) morality, family and school bonds) serious crimes.
students social situation (parental monitoring) 2.…read more

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FINDINGS: High attrition only 30 completed KOHLBERG Moral development in
Criminals are: programme and 9 genuinely changed. children
restless, dissatisfied and irritable Y+S acknowledge patients lied and BACKGROUND: Piaget
don't take school/parental requests changed focus to finding cause for AIM: To find evidence in support of
seriously criminal behaviour. progression through stages of moral
habitually angry CONCLUSION: development.…read more

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Kohlberg replicated and studied KOHLBERG'S STAGES: (3K) GUDJ+SIG MOTIVATION FOR
children in Mexico, Taiwan, Turkey, USA. Level 1 (premorality): OFFENDING
RESULTS: S1 doing right fear of punishment AIM: to test concurrent validity of the
Younger boys perform at stage 1+2, S2 doing rightpersonal gain/reward OMQ (Offending Motivation
older boys stage 3+4 shows Questionnaire) comparing with his other
development. Consistent patterns Level 2 (conventional morality): measures of social cognition.
crosscultural, although progression S3 doing right good girl/boy PARTICIPANTS: 128 Icelandic male
slower in nonindustrialised societies.…read more

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The OMQ ­ 22 item questionnaire RESULTS: CONCLUSIONS:
consisted of: 86% compliance Compliant disposition
(2G+S) Highest mean scores on OMQ= Excitement most important motive and
Compliance excitement + financial, 38% confident shows importance of anger linked to
Excitement for fun (lack of self weren't getting away. crime youths get frustrated so commit,
control) Psychotism and Novaco, Blame crimes committed as relieves stress.
Provocation provoked (anger) inventory, Gudj. Scale did correlate with Do blame the presence of others for their
Financial OMQ. behaviour.
Gudj.…read more

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FAMILY analysis of urine samples over 24hr MAOA is involved in serotonin
period. metabolism deficit of the gene leading to
AIM: Wanted to explain behaviour of an impaired serotonin metabolism is likely
large Netherlands family males affected RESULTS: to be responsible for mental retardation in
by syndrome of borderline mental Disturbed monoamine metabolism the family violent behaviour.…read more

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LIFE EXPECTANCY Examined local communities in correlation of homicides strongly
AIM: Find if homicide rates vary as a Chicago lower than average male life negatively corr. (0.88)
function of life expectancy in Chicago expectancy 54.377.4yrs and plotted D+W wondered if these young men
various correlations between data actually discounted the future and
METHODOLOGY: Correlational study collected. expected to love shorter lives thus
survey data from police, school+local take risks (i.e. crime) for shortterm
demographic records collected.…read more

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Experiment 2: Photo array/photo lineup (4Brce) All cases, p's performed equally well with
with distracter faces/foils making task Experiment 1: 35% correct for whole external +whole faces indicating that
more diff. Faces/foils either easy or hard. composites and external features, internal features don't work well with
Composites presented one at a time 19.5% correct for internal features. reconstruction. Effect holds true when
along with photo array and p had to pick Experiment 2: 42% external features, face is familiar.…read more

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Humans can recognise familiar faces LOFTUS WEAPON FOCUS PROCEDURE CONTINUED:
in v. low resolution images (why we (1L) Experimental condition: person B pulls a
have poor CCTV footage) AIM: To provide support for weapon gun (IV) All other slides identical1.5
2. Effect increases with familiarity of focus seconds.
person P's told study for proactive interference
3. Facial features processed holistically P's: 36 University of Washington (something you learn earlier interferes
(as one single unit) students (1831 yrs). ½ from with memory).
4.…read more


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