Forensic Psychology Revision Cards

They're not very condensed however they are colour coded based on which section of forensic they belong to- 

Colour codes are:

Turning to Crime= Blue:-

Upbringing (Social)= Dark Blue

Cognitive=Light Blue

Biological= Sky Blue

Making A Case= Green

Interviewing Witnesses= Green

Interviewing Suspects= Pear Green

Creating A Profile= Lime Green

Reaching A Verdict= Red

Persuading A Jury= Burgundy/Dark Red

Witness Appeal= Red

Reaching A Verdict= Pale Red

After A Guilty Verdict= Black/Grey

Imprisonment= Black

Alternatives To Prison= Light Grey

Treatment Programmes= Dark Grey

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FARRINGTON (2006) DISRUPTED RESULTS: Age 48 404 individuals in SUTHERLAND LEARNING FROM
FAMILIES (1F) criminal records, 161 had convictions. OTHERS
no. of offenders peaked at 17 yrs old.
AIM: To document start, duration + end 1013 yr olds started with criminality 1. Criminal behaviour is learned
of offending behaviour from…

Page 2

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(3F) therefore feel it's right to break
them. (2S)
6. Individuals become criminals due RESULTS: 44.8% males + 30.6% Most important factor= youth's individual
to repeated contacts with criminal females committed at least 1 of the characteristics + the way they lived their
activity and a lack of contact with…

Page 3

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WILKSTROM & TAFEL THE EXPLANATORY FACTORS: CONCLUSIONS: (7W+T)
PETERBOROUGH YOUTH STUDY (4W+T) 1. Propensity induced youths have an
(1W+T) family social positions (social class, enduring propensity to offend due to
DESIGN: Crosssectional study ethnicity + family composition) personality/individual characteristic.
individual characteristics (selfcontrol, Small group but responsible for
SAMPLE: Nearly 2000…

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FINDINGS: High attrition only 30 completed KOHLBERG Moral development in
Criminals are: programme and 9 genuinely changed. children
restless, dissatisfied and irritable Y+S acknowledge patients lied and BACKGROUND: Piaget
don't take school/parental requests changed focus to finding cause for AIM: To find evidence in support of
seriously criminal behaviour. progression…

Page 5

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1969 Kohlberg replicated and studied KOHLBERG'S STAGES: (3K) GUDJ+SIG MOTIVATION FOR
children in Mexico, Taiwan, Turkey, USA. Level 1 (premorality): OFFENDING
RESULTS: S1 doing right fear of punishment AIM: to test concurrent validity of the
Younger boys perform at stage 1+2, S2 doing rightpersonal gain/reward OMQ (Offending Motivation
older boys…

Page 6

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The OMQ ­ 22 item questionnaire RESULTS: CONCLUSIONS:
consisted of: 86% compliance Compliant disposition
(2G+S) Highest mean scores on OMQ= Excitement most important motive and
Compliance excitement + financial, 38% confident shows importance of anger linked to
Excitement for fun (lack of self weren't getting away. crime youths get frustrated…

Page 7

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findings that relate to antisocial
behaviour.
BRUNNER GENES & SERETONIN METHODOLOGY: Data collected from CONCLUSIONS:
FAMILY analysis of urine samples over 24hr MAOA is involved in serotonin
period. metabolism deficit of the gene leading to
AIM: Wanted to explain behaviour of an impaired serotonin metabolism is likely
large Netherlands family…

Page 8

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DALY+WILSON GENDERRELATED PROCEDURE: (2D+W) RESULTS CONTINUED:
LIFE EXPECTANCY Examined local communities in correlation of homicides strongly
AIM: Find if homicide rates vary as a Chicago lower than average male life negatively corr. (0.88)
function of life expectancy in Chicago expectancy 54.377.4yrs and plotted D+W wondered if these young men
various…

Page 9

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PROCEDURE CONTINUED: RESULTS: CONCLUSIONS CONTINUED:
Experiment 2: Photo array/photo lineup (4Brce) All cases, p's performed equally well with
with distracter faces/foils making task Experiment 1: 35% correct for whole external +whole faces indicating that
more diff. Faces/foils either easy or hard. composites and external features, internal features don't work well…

Page 10

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1. Humans can recognise familiar faces LOFTUS WEAPON FOCUS PROCEDURE CONTINUED:
in v. low resolution images (why we (1L) Experimental condition: person B pulls a
have poor CCTV footage) AIM: To provide support for weapon gun (IV) All other slides identical1.5
2. Effect increases with familiarity of focus seconds.
person…

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