Norfolk Broads Ecosystem - Case Study

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  • Created on: 01-07-14 17:36
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6 ­ The Norfolk Broads
> Conflict at a local scale related to leisure activities & sustainable management.
Location:
- Majority in county of Norfolk (bordering Suffolk), East Anglia, UK
Physical Processes:
Wetland environment, rising sea level.
650mm rainfall/year.
Mild temperature.
Flora: reeds, water lilies.
Fauna: birds, geese, ducks ­ Chinese water deer.
Tourist Attractions Conflicts
- Tranquil setting, attractive scenery - Congestion from traffic.
- Bird watching - Damage to farmland.
- Boating holidays - Deforestation to build attractions (golf courses)
- Walking, cycling, nature - Noise/air pollution.
- Erosion of footpaths.
- Increase in litter.
*Motor boats cause erosion of the banks & destruction of reed beds ­ destruction of habitats; creating gaps in the
food chain.
*Drainage of marshes to create land for grazing pasture has caused a fall in the water table ­
> Land has shrunk below river levels, increasing the risk of flooding.
> Discourages tourism, a rise in unemployment rates, and fall in QOL as a result of the negative multiplier effect.
Benefits provided for people:
Timber: trees cut down, wood sold for money.
Timber products: wood processes to make products, i.e. fencing, furniture.
Recreation: used for walking, cycling, boating, nature holidays etc.
TOURIST ATTRACTION: employment opportunities & money to area (only seasonal)
Tourism accounts for 15% of employment in Norfolk, over 54000 jobs supported by tourism.
Sustainable Management:
Preventing soil erosion, litter, disturbance of wildlife: plan for recreational use ­ paving footpaths to reduce
erosion & prevent destruction to surrounding habitats, provide bins to reduce litter.
Controlled felling: only some trees cut down, over certain age/just one species. Overall forest structure kept
- forest able to regenerate for future use.
Afforestation: felled trees replaced ­ overall amount of forest isn't reduced.

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Speed limits on the water ranging from 3-to-6mph, a slower pace decreases wash & in turn, bank erosion.
The Broads Authority was set up in 1989 and carries out vital work to manage the area.…read more

Comments

gracef

Thank you! This is very useful

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