Nazi Party Germany Notes

Bullet point notes covering:

  • How well organised was the system of government and administration in the Third Reich?
  • Central Government - Reich, Civil Service, Supreme Reich Authorities
  • The role of the Nazi Party, 1933-37
  • Why did the influence of the Nazi Party revive, 1938-39?
  • What was the impact of WWII on the Nazi Party, 1939-45?
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Nazi Germany Notes
How well organised was the system of government and administration in the
Third Reich?
There were three overlapping centres of power:
o The central government together with its ministries and civil service
o The Nazi Party and the SS
o The charismatic dictatorship of Hitler, intervening at will
Central Government
Hitler had no detailed plans for creating a specifically Nazi State
He needed to reassure the conservative elites that he was no revolutionary on
the Russian Scale
He wanted to emphasize the new Nazi regime was linked to Germany's past
great traditions
This created a `dual state' ­ a state in which there appears to be two forms of
government at work at the same time. In this case there were the existing
pre1933 organs of ministries, civil service etc. Existing alongside the Nazi party
and its organisations
Reich
Once the Enabling Act was passed, the Reich Cabinet hardly ever met
It met only 6 times in 1937, and its last meeting was in February 1938
The power of the central departments of state was increased because the Nazis
had greatly weakened the power of the federated states
Civil Service
Civil Servants who ran the government departments throughout the Reich
retained traditional independence
In April 1933, under the "Law for the restoration of the professional civil service,"
the civil service was purged of Jews, Socialists and Communists
By February 1939, all new entrants into the civil service had to be members of
the Nazi Party
Supreme Reich Authorities
Hitler created several new departments which combined both party and state
responsibilities
Leaders were prominent Nazis who reported directly to Hitler
This meant that they could force their own policies independently of other
departments
Chris Cartwright

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Nazi Germany Notes
Supreme Reich Authorities included the Labour Service, Hitler Youth and the
Four Year Plan
The Supreme Reich Authorities challenged the existing ministries and
contributed to the intense rivalries that so undermined the effectiveness of the
Reich Government
The Nazi Party
What was the role of the Nazi Party, 193337?
Rohm and many of the veteran Nazis who joined the Nazis before 1923, believed
that the Nazis and the SA should completely change the social and political
structure of Germany
However, Goebbels, Goring…read more

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Nazi Germany Notes
The Anschluss of Austria, the annexation of the Sudetenland and Bohemia also
strengthened the Nazi Party.
In Austria the Nazis seized power by armed force
This meant that the Nazi Commissioner was able to govern Austria without any
interference from the traditional authorities
The party began to interfere more vigorously in church affairs and the legal
system and demand that tougher measures should be taken against Jews.…read more

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