Notes on Hitler and the Nazis

Bullet point notes covering:

  • The night of the long knives
  • The SS
  • The Gestapo
  • Concentration Camps
  • Hitler's support
  • Hitler's key men
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Nazi Notes
The night of the Long Knives
Hitler needed to get rid of threats within
Rohm could take over Hitler with his 1 million SA men which out powered the
general army and Hitler's SS
The army also didn't like the idea of Rohm being in a high position with the army,
as Rohm wished to merge his SA troops into the general army, and for him to be
in charge
A purge of SA leadership was ordered, with the excuse that the SA were
planning up rises in Munich and Berlin
Hitler travelled to Bavaria and ordered the arrest of Rohm
2 days later, Rohm was shot dead by 2 SS officers
180 leading Nazis were executed
400 political opponents were also murdered, including ExChancellor Von
The SS
The SS was set up in 1925 and were Hitler's personal bodyguards
Himmler was made leader of the SS, and turned it into a private formidable army
By WWII it contained 500,000 members
The SS was made up of the Waffen SS (Full time and armed) and Part time
members too
It performed state police duties and they were brutal in their treatment of Jews
and others in Concentration Camps
After The Night Of The Long Knives, the SS became the main police arm of the
Nazi Party
Its key aim was to eliminate all opposition, and the SS security Service (SD) had
the specific responsibility to do this
The SD was formed by Himmler in March 1934 and was placed under the
command of Reinhard Heidrich.
Eventually, mainly due to the controlling of the Concentration Camp system, the
SS controlled a vast economic empire and were financially independent of the
Chris Cartwright ­ A level History

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Nazi Notes
The Gestapo
The Gestapo was a Secret Police Force and it was set up in 1933
Its key role was eliminating opposition by creating an elaborate terror machine
Its sweeping powers would deal with people considered to be against Nazism
The Gestapo used torture and terrorism to stamp out AntiNazi resistance
The secret Police was too small to spy on everyone, so they encouraged
German citizens to denounce each other
People who would denounce each other included neighbours, Teachers and
Business rivals
The…read more


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