Medicine Through Time Revision Pack

Hey everyone, i made this revision back, from prehistoric medicine all the way to modernday medicine, i hope this helps, give me your comments and feedback.

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  • Created on: 05-03-11 16:25
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Prehistoric medicine
Definition of Prehistoric: A time before written evidence
They could not therefore pass on medical knowledge beyond that which could be remembered.
However, many of the prehistoric peoples that survive seem to have built up a system of skills and
behaviours that keeps them healthy in their environment, despite not having anything written down.
Most prehistoric peoples were nomadic: Moving from one place to another usually in search of
food. Not living and settles in one place or location.
Because there was no technology this led to beliefs in unpredictable spirits. These were said to
bring life, death, health and disease. Such ideas led to a world in which spiritual rituals and the
shaman, or witch-doctor, dominated medicine.
Sources of prehistoric evidence
Source Information
Cave paintings Reveal actions and thoughts about the human body or animals.
They could have drawn the inside of the human body from their
point of view. E.G. anatomy of the body
Herbs Used herbs for taking away evil spirits, for curing illness. Mixing
together with foods and drinks. Leads of side affects e.g.
rashes and sickness leading to how herbs impacted on the
Pieces of bone How healthy the body is, what they ate, fractures. The age of a
person. Healed in a specific way
Skull Age of a person. Drilling hole in skull ­ trephinning.
Flint Scrapers To treat people, could have been used for trephinning if it was
clean enough. Cutting different parts of the body maybe to
release spirits.
Word/Term Meaning
Aborigines Native people of Australia whose lifestyle is used to give info. about
prehistoric medicine
Cave Images on cave walls giving info about anatomical knowledge
Trephinning Drilling a hole in the skull to release evil spirits
Archaeology Study of historical remains
Nomadic Moving from one place to another usually in search of food
Medicine People in the tribe closest to the spirit world who would use natural and
Man supernatural treatments

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Egyptian Medicine
Factors affecting progress in Egyptian Medicine - progress
1) They had a settled way of life, living in one place within the community
2) They developed a new way of writing and were able to write down ideas and findings
on papyrus scrolls
3) There ships travelled to other areas in Europe and North Africa
4) They developed their technology ability e.g. making tools and constructing.…read more

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Religious Beliefs…read more

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Greek Medicine
Aseclepius - Greek God of Healing Snake/serpent symbol
Ascelpion ­ Temple of the Greek God Asclepius built in quiet places. It might have baths,
gymnasium and stadium as well as temples of worship
Panacea and Hygeia ­ Aseclepius' daughters who helped him heal the sick
Why visit an Asclepion? ­ To worship Asclepius and so to be healed by God
In an Asclepion visitors would make offerings to god, pray and sleep.…read more

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Father of modern medicine ­ very important
Questioned old superstitious ideas
Turned medicine more into a science
Wrote books on detailed lists of symptoms and treatments
Hippocratic Oath ­ code of conduct for doctors, high standard to
benefit patients not doctors
Clinical observation ­ encourages doctors to use natural causes.
Observing and examining patients very closely.
Natural theory ­ wrote down the theory of 4 humours
Believed in the importance of prevention of illness
Lifestyle could affect health
Improved health, medical knowledge, new ideas.…read more

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What weren't the Greeks good at?
Public health and hygiene ­ lived in cramped houses in narrow streets, poor water
and sewage facilities
Anatomy and physiology ­ no information in the Hippocratic writings other than the
main organs being describe, dissection was banned
Surgery regarded as an inferior trade, manual work rather than thinking…read more


This is a great summary for Medicine through time! Thanks for putting it up ;-)

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