Checklist of Medicine Through Time revision.

This isn't so much of notes it's checklist of what you need to revise, It's in date/period order. Good luck revising!

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  • Created on: 19-03-13 18:13
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Checklist of revision for medicine through time exam;
Disease and Infection
Prehistory - c10 000 BC­c500 AD
· Prehistoric societies: the role of magic, parallels with traditional
aboriginal societies
· Ancient Egypt: supernatural and natural approaches to medicine;
priests and doctors
· Ancient Greece: the cult of Asklepios; the development of the Theory
of the Four Humours; Hippocratic medicine
· Ancient Rome: the influence of Greek medicine.
Key individuals: Aristotle, Hippocrates, Galen
Medieval and renaissance medicine - c500­c1700
· The impact of the fall of the Roman Empire on medicine
· The nature and importance of Islamic medicine
· The impact of superstition and Christianity on Medieval medicine
· The medieval doctor: training and treatments
· Continuing traditional methods: bleeding, wise women, response to
plagues.
Key individuals: Rhazes, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Paracelsus
Industrial revolution and modern ­ c1700 ­ present day
· Vaccination; the Germ Theory and its impact on the treatment of
diseases: magic bullets; Penicillin
· The development of the medical and nursing professions; the role of
women in medicine
· Role of the World Health Organisation in fighting disease and ill health
· Modern issues in medicine: AIDS, the drugs revolution, problem drugs,
alternative medicines, superbugs,
genetic engineering.
Key individuals: Jenner, Seacole, Nightingale, Pasteur, Koch, Blackwell,
Garrett Anderson, Ehrlich, Fleming,
Florey and Chain, Crick and Watson
Surgery
Prehistory - c10000 BC ­ c500AD
· Prehistoric societies: surgery; parallels with traditional aboriginal
societies
· Ancient Egypt: Egyptian anatomy and surgery, supernatural and
natural approaches
· Ancient Greece: Greek surgery, Alexandria
· Ancient Rome: the influence of Greek medical knowledge, surgery in
Roman times, medicine in the army.
Key individuals: Aristotle, Hippocrates, Galen
Medieval and renaissance medicine - c500­c1700
· The impact of the fall of the Roman Empire on medicine
· The nature and importance of Islamic knowledge
· Medieval surgical techniques and knowledge

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The impact of superstition and Christianity on Medieval medical
knowledge
· The challenging of medical authority: improved knowledge of anatomy
and physiology
· Continuing traditional methods: bleeding.
Key individuals: Rhazes, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Nafis, Vesalius, Pare,
Harvey
Industrial revolution and modern ­ c1700 ­ present day
· Developments in anaesthetics, antiseptics, aseptic surgery
· The impact of two world wars on surgery: plastic surgery, blood
transfusions
· The impact of technology: X-rays, transplant surgery, radiation
therapy, keyhole surgery.…read more

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