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UNIT 1A: Medicine and Treatment
Your first exam is the Medicine & Treatment paper. The results of this paper make up 25% of your final
The exam lasts for 1 hour 15mins . You need to answer 5 questions from this paper and there are a total
of 50 marks for the answers and 3 further marks available on the last question for Spelling; punctuation
and grammar . Very roughly, you should allow 1.5 minutes per mark .…read more

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People believed this until...There was not much / a lot of change because... By 1900 understanding of the
causes of disease had changed to a great degree. This big change was due to... and... For example...
Also,... This meant that... showing... Overall,...
Question 6 OR 7 (16 marks) You should choose to answer EITHER question 6 OR 7. These questions will
ask you to judge `how much' OR `how far' something has `change or continued' over some time periods.…read more

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E) Which period saw most examples of progress (change for the better)?
F) Can you find any examples of regression (changes for the worse)?
Factors are things which affect development. This table shows how various factors have affected the
development of medicine. These factors can cause or prevent changes. They can explain why there is
progression in some areas but not in others. Use your table to complete the following tasks.…read more

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After After After
completion first second
of the time of time of
Topic course revisin revising
g topic topic
· ·
Medieval Medicine
Explain what medical treatments were available in the medieval
Explain the reasons for low life expectancy in the medieval period?
Explain what were believed to be the causes of the Black Death?
Describe the symptoms of the Black Death?
Describe the treatments were available for the Black Death?
Explain the impact of the Black Death?
Factor ­ How did religion…read more

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Identify developments in medical technology.
Explain the continuation of the use of alternative medicines.
Roman Public Health
Provide a definition
Explain how Roman society affected medicine and public health in
Roman Britain.
Identify the ideas and treatments used in medicine in Roman
Explain the key features of Roman public health.
Identify the significance of Roman public health measures.
Explain how medieval hospitals provided care and treatment.
Explain the effect of filthy medieval cities on health.…read more

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The Medieval Period
After the fall of Rome, there was a regression in medicine in Europe, and a return to a more primitive
Treatments continued to be a mixture of herbal remedies, bleeding and purging, and supernatural ideas.
Supernatural ideas included God, charms and luck, witchcraft or astrology.
Reasons for low life expectancy in the medieval period
In 1350 the average life expectancy was 30 years. Infant mortality was high. One in five children died
before their first birthday. Many women died in childbirth.…read more

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Black Death causes
In 1348 the Black Death reached England.
At the time, people did not understand what caused the disease , and they did not know how to stop its
spread or cure it. There were both supernatural and natural explanations for it, for example, some
people said that God had sent it as a punishment, others that the planets were in the wrong conjunction,
or that it was caused by `foul air.…read more

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The Renaissance Period
William Harvey
William Harvey became Royal Physician to James I and Charles I. He was a leading member of the Royal
College of Surgeons and trained at the famous university in Padua, Italy.
In 1615 he conducted a comparative study on animals and humans. He realised that many of his findings
on animals could be applied to Humans. Through this study he was able to prove that Galen had been
wrong to suggest that blood is constantly being consumed.…read more

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In Padua Vesalius conducted his own dissections : unheard of at the time and made detailed notes and
drawings. His book ` The fabric of the Human body' published in 1543 was a comprehensive study of the
human body. It contained anatomical drawings of all parts of the body and offered many new
conclusions as to the way of treating disease.…read more


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