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Medicine and Public Health
Revision Guide











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UNIT 1A: Medicine and Treatment
Your first exam is the Medicine & Treatment paper. The results of this paper make up 25% of your final
grade.

The exam lasts for 1 hour 15mins . You need to answer 5 questions from this paper and there are a total
of 50…

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People believed this until...There was not much / a lot of change because... By 1900 understanding of the
causes of disease had changed to a great degree. This big change was due to... and... For example...
Also,... This meant that... showing... Overall,...



Question 6 OR 7 (16 marks) You should…

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E) Which period saw most examples of progress (change for the better)?

F) Can you find any examples of regression (changes for the worse)?



Factors
Factors are things which affect development. This table shows how various factors have affected the
development of medicine. These factors can cause or prevent changes.…

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After After After
completion first second

of the time of time of
Topic course revisin revising
g topic topic
·
· ·

Medieval Medicine

Explain what medical treatments were available in the medieval
period?
Explain the reasons for low life expectancy in the medieval period?
Explain what were believed to…

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Identify developments in medical technology.
Explain the continuation of the use of alternative medicines.

Roman Public Health
Provide a definition
Explain how Roman society affected medicine and public health in
Roman Britain.
Identify the ideas and treatments used in medicine in Roman
Britain.
Explain the key features of Roman public…

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The Medieval Period

After the fall of Rome, there was a regression in medicine in Europe, and a return to a more primitive
outlook.

Treatments continued to be a mixture of herbal remedies, bleeding and purging, and supernatural ideas.
Supernatural ideas included God, charms and luck, witchcraft or astrology.

Reasons…

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Black Death causes

In 1348 the Black Death reached England.

At the time, people did not understand what caused the disease , and they did not know how to stop its
spread or cure it. There were both supernatural and natural explanations for it, for example, some
people said that…

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The Renaissance Period
William Harvey
William Harvey became Royal Physician to James I and Charles I. He was a leading member of the Royal
College of Surgeons and trained at the famous university in Padua, Italy.
In 1615 he conducted a comparative study on animals and humans. He realised that…

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Vesalius
In Padua Vesalius conducted his own dissections : unheard of at the time and made detailed notes and
drawings. His book ` The fabric of the Human body' published in 1543 was a comprehensive study of the
human body. It contained anatomical drawings of all parts of the body…

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