GCSE History: Medicine Through Time (ALL OF IT) Revision Cards

Hey peeps! I've finally done these! Here are some revision cards for all of the Medicine Through Time section (or as much of it as I can recall). I hope it'll be of some use to you all and here's just a few things it contains;

Romans; Greeks; Egyptians: Prehistoric Man; Vaccination; Penicillin; Anaesthetics; Surgery and much more!

Enjoy and I hope it helps!

Kathryn.C

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  • Created by: Kathryn.C
  • Created on: 01-06-10 19:37
Preview of GCSE History: Medicine Through Time (ALL OF IT) Revision Cards

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Important Dates
Prehistoric man - 80'000-30'000 BC
Egyptians - 3000 BC
Greeks - 1600 BC
Romans - 150 BC-AD
Imhotep -2600 BC
Hippocrates - 460 BC
Galen - 129 AD
Dark ages - 400-1000 AD
Medieval era - 1066-1450
Renaissance - 1450-1650
Industrial revolution - 1750-1900
Ambroise Paré - 1510-1590
Andreas Vesalius - 1514-1564
William Harvey - 1578-1657
Black Death ­ 1600s
Edward Jenner - 1749-1825
Nitrous Oxide invented - 1800
1st Cholera outbreak ­ 1831-32
Births Registered ­ 1836
Ether used in surgery -1846
Anti-Septic Surgery - 1847…read more

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Prehistoric Man
Homo sapiens Homo Neanerthalis
Trephinning; cutting a small hole into skull to release an evil spirit.
Done by shaman. To cure headaches, epileptic fits
Cave paintings; show shamans and ritualistic sacrifices. Possible
religion or medical practices?
Wounds; covered open wounds with mud to seal them off
Broken bones; encased in mud/clay to help them heal properly
Stomach-ache; cured by ingesting plant/herb bulbs
Fevers; steamed themselves by fire
Buried their dead; society, civilisation?…read more

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Ancient Egyptians
Code of Hygiene; used scented oils and washed day and night, they also
had Gnat nets to stop spread of Malaria
Not Nomadic; lived by the River Nile, used it for food (fish and crops)
also had farming/agriculture
Had; Farmers, Doctors/Physicians/Priests, Builders etc.
Embalming Process; Canopic Jars ( stored organs in later left in body),
brains removed via nose, no medical research allowed (too hot and
against religion)
Written Language; Hieroglyphics, used to keep record of medical things
on Papyrus
Buildings; built Temples, Pyramids/Tombs, Cities ­ Thebes
Gods & Goddesses; Anubis (God of the Dead), Imhotep (God of Healing
and Art of Medicine)
Basic Plumbing; for rich and important, basic plumbing and bathrooms…read more

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Ancient Greeks
Asclepius; legendary hero turned God, was the Greek God of Healing
Panacea & Hygeia; daughters of Asclepius, Hygeia origins of word
`Hygiene'
Four Humours; link with elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air), substances
in the body (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) and seasons (Spring,
Summer, Autumn, Winter)
Hippocratic Oath; taken by doctors as a sort of code of conduct for them
Health Programme; went to Stadias, Gymns, boys were trained and had
showers and a good diet
Natural Remedies; used soup, honey, bleeding cups etc. In treatments
Herophilus; Greek doctor who dissected animals in public, discovered that
the brain controlled all movement in body.…read more

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Romans
Powerful Civilisation; most powerful civilisation EVER! Interested in
Greek architecture, sports and ideas
Practical; built roads (transport), aqueducts (fresh water), sewers (dirty
water), and bridges
Drainage System; public latrine (315 AD ­ Rome has 144 flushable
latrines)
Engineering; built aqueducts to transport huge amounts of water to cities
(220 million gallons a day) - a feat of engineering
Marshes; tried to not build nearby marshes, drained marshes near existing
settlements, diseases common near marches
Public Bathes; open 1pm to dusk, cost 1 quadron (16ht penny) for
everyone to use
Mineral (Natural) Springs; Army Barracks built nearby, best source of
water, healthy and hygienic
Settlements; chosen carefully depending on geography of land…read more

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Comments

Bob the Builder

Be careful some facts are wrong - plus most of that information is not needed in gcse - just confuses the students

George G Heal

it amazing

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