Medicine, GCSE, History, Louis Pasteur, Ambrose Pare, William Harvey, Andreas Versalias,Anaesthetics, Medieval, Dark Ages, Prehistoric Man,

At the asking of one of you, I've reuploaded this in the 97-2003 compatible format. :)


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GCSE ­ History Revision…read more

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Important Dates…read more

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Prehistoric Man
Homo sapiens Homo Neanerthalis
Trephinning; cutting a small hole into skull to release an evil spirit.
Done by shaman. To cure headaches, epileptic fits
Cave paintings; show shamans and ritualistic sacrifices. Possible
religion or medical practices?
Wounds; covered open wounds with mud to seal them off
Broken bones; encased in mud/clay to help them heal properly
Stomach-ache; cured by ingesting plant/herb bulbs
Fevers; steamed themselves by fire
Buried their dead; society, civilisation?…read more

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Ancient Egyptians
Code of Hygiene; used scented oils and washed day and night, they also
had Gnat nets to stop spread of Malaria
Not Nomadic; lived by the River Nile, used it for food (fish and crops)
also had farming/agriculture
Had; Farmers, Doctors/Physicians/Priests, Builders etc.
Embalming Process; Canopic Jars ( stored organs in later left in body),
brains removed via nose, no medical research allowed (too hot and
against religion)
Written Language; Hieroglyphics, used to keep record of medical things
on Papyrus
Buildings; built Temples, Pyramids/Tombs, Cities ­ Thebes
Gods & Goddesses; Anubis (God of the Dead), Imhotep (God of Healing
and Art of Medicine)
Basic Plumbing; for rich and important, basic plumbing and bathrooms…read more

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Ancient Greeks
Asclepius; legendary hero turned God, was the Greek God of Healing
Panacea & Hygeia; daughters of Asclepius, Hygeia origins of word
Four Humours; link with elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air), substances
in the body (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile) and seasons (Spring,
Summer, Autumn, Winter)
Hippocratic Oath; taken by doctors as a sort of code of conduct for them
Health Programme; went to Stadias, Gymns, boys were trained and had
showers and a good diet
Natural Remedies; used soup, honey, bleeding cups etc. In treatments
Herophilus; Greek doctor who dissected animals in public, discovered that
the brain controlled all movement in body.…read more

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Powerful Civilisation; most powerful civilisation EVER! Interested in
Greek architecture, sports and ideas
Practical; built roads (transport), aqueducts (fresh water), sewers (dirty
water), and bridges
Drainage System; public latrine (315 AD ­ Rome has 144 flushable
Engineering; built aqueducts to transport huge amounts of water to cities
(220 million gallons a day) - a feat of engineering
Marshes; tried to not build nearby marshes, drained marshes near existing
settlements, diseases common near marches
Public Bathes; open 1pm to dusk, cost 1 quadron (16ht penny) for
everyone to use
Mineral (Natural) Springs; Army Barracks built nearby, best source of
water, healthy and hygienic
Settlements; chosen carefully depending on geography of land…read more

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