Medicine Through Time (Up to Romans) GCSE HISTORY

Hey, I've been revising for my history exam which is going to be happening pretty soon and I've made these to help me; since I thought it'd be unkind of me to keep them to myself I've put them up here for anyone else to use them so that they too can revise for the History Medicine paper.

I'll be doing more but these are all I've got for now.

Kathryn.C

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  • Created by: Kathryn.C
  • Created on: 27-05-10 20:35
Preview of Medicine Through Time (Up to Romans) GCSE HISTORY

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Important Dates
These are some of the dates you NEED to know!
Prehistoric man - 80'000-30'000 BC
Egyptians - 3000 BC
Greeks - 1600 BC
Romans - 150 BC-AD
Dark ages - 400-1000 AD
Medieval era - 1066-1450 AD
Renaissance - 1450-1650 AD
Industrial revolution - 1750-1900 AD
Hippocrates - 460 BC
Imhotep -2600 BC
Fleming - 1881-1955
Galen - 129 AD
Pare - 1510-1590…read more

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Prehistoric Man
Existed over 20'000 years ago
Homo sapiens Homo
Neanerthalis
Trephinning; cutting a small hole into skull to
release an evil spirit. Done by shaman. To cure
headaches, epileptic fits
Cave paintings; show shamans and ritualistic
sacrifices. Possible religion or medical practices?
Wounds; covered open wounds with mud to seal
them off
Broken bones; encased in mud/clay to help them
heal properly
Stomach-ache; cured by ingesting plant/herb…read more

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Ancient Egyptians
Around 3'000 BC was when they started
Code of Hygiene; used scented oils and washed day
and night, they also had Gnat nets to stop spread of
Malaria
Not Nomadic; lived by the River Nile, used it for food
(fish and crops) also had farming/agriculture
Had; Farmers, Doctors/Physicians/Priests, Builders etc.
Embalming Process; Canopic Jars ( stored organs in
later left in body), brains removed via nose, no medical
research allowed (too hot and against religion)
Written Language; Hieroglyphics, used to keep record
of medical things on Papyrus
Buildings; built Temples, Pyramids/Tombs, Cities ­
Thebes
Gods & Goddesses; Anubis (God of the Dead),…read more

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Ancient
They were Around 1600 BC
Greeks
Asclepius; legendary hero turned God, was the
Greek God of Healing
Panacea & Hygeia; daughters of Asclepius, Hygeia
origins of word `Hygiene'
Four Humours; link with elements (Earth, Water,
Fire, Air), substances in the body (blood, phlegm,
yellow bile, black bile) and seasons (Spring,
Summer, Autumn, Winter)
Hippocratic Oath; taken by doctors as a sort of
code of conduct for them
Health Programme; went to Stadias, Gymns, boys
were trained and had showers and a good diet
Natural Remedies; used soup, honey, bleeding
cups etc. In treatments…read more

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Romans
These guys are probably best known and were around between 150 BC and
150 AD Civilisation; most powerful civilisation EVER!
Powerful
Interested in Greek architecture, sports and ideas
Practical; built roads (transport), aqueducts (fresh water),
sewers (dirty water), and bridges
Drainage System; public latrine (315 AD ­ Rome has 144
flushable latrines)
Engineering; built aqueducts to transport huge amounts
of water to cities (220 million gallons a day) - a feat of
engineering
Marshes; tried to not build nearby marshes, drained
marshes near existing settlements, diseases common near
marches
Public Bathes; open 1pm to dusk, cost 1 quadron (16ht
penny) for everyone to use…read more

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