Schools history project past questions

All paper 1 questions, excluding sources, since 2004 of the Schools history project. I used them to plan answers and check my knowledge and found it useful.

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  • Created on: 12-06-11 20:50
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Past Papers ­ Paper 1
2000 - Medicine
2) Individuals have been important in the development of medicine. Choose
one of the following individuals
Florence Nightingale
Louis Pasteur
a) Describe the developments he or she made in medicine (5)
b) Explain why the individual was able to make these developments at that time
c) Explain the importance of these developments in the history of medicine (8)
3) Ambrose Pare, Andreas Vesalius and William Harvey all contributed to the
Medical Renaissance
a) Describe the main developments in the Medical Renaissance (5)
b) Explain why the Medical Renaissance took place when it did (7)
c) What was the most important development in the Medical Renaissance?
Explain your answer (8)
4) There were several reasons why the importance of penicillin was
discovered in the twentieth century. Study the list of factors
;The work of Alexander Fleming
;The work of Howard Florey and Ernst Chain
a) Describe how Fleming discovered penicillin (5)
b) Explain whether or not the factors in the list were equally important in
discovering the importance of penicillin (7)
c) Do you agree that no more work needed to be done to develop penicillin
after Florey and Chain had shown its importance? Explain your answer (8)
2000 ­ American West

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Page 2

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In the 1840's the Mormons decided to go West
a) Explain why the Mormons decided to move to the Great Salt Lake (5)
b) Did the leadership of Joseph Smith help or harm the Mormons? Explain your
answer (7)
c) Why were the Mormons successful at the Great Salt Lake? (8)
3) Both the homesteaders and the cattlemen had to overcome many
problems on the plains
a) Explain why the homesteaders faced problems on their homesteads (5)
b) Explain how most homesteads overcame these problems…read more

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­ American West
2) Many different types of people travelled West
a) Explain what dangers faced travellers crossing the Plains and the Rockies
b) Did homesteaders and the Mormons travel west for the same reasons?
Explain your answer using your knowledge (7)
c) Who were the more successful in the West, the homesteaders or the
Mormons? Explain your answer using your knowledge (8)
3)The Plains Indians and White Americans were in conflict for most of the
time during this period
a) What did White…read more

Page 4

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James Simpson and Joseph Lister both made important contributions to
the development of surgery
a) Explain what problems faced surgeons in the early nineteenth century (5)
b) Was Lister's work more important than Simpson's in the development of
surgery? Explain your answer (7)
c) `After the work of Simpson and Lister there was little left to do in the
development of surgery' How far do you agree with this statement?
Explain your answer (8)
2002 ­ American West
2) Indians and homesteaders often found it…read more

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Andreas Vesalius
Joseph Lister
Florence Nightingale
A) Explain the advances he or she made in medicine (5)
B) Explain the difficulties he or she faced (7)
C) How far was he or she helped by factors other than his or her own
contribution? Explain your answer (8)
2004 ­ Medicine
2) Understanding and treating illness were as important to early societies
as they are to us today
a) Briefly describe ways in which prehistoric people treated illness(5)
b) Explain how the way of life and…read more

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White Americans and Indians often came into conflict on the Great
a) Explain why many white Americans thought the Plains Indians were savages
b) Explain why the Battle of the Little Big Horn took place when it did (7)
c) `Custer lost the Battle of the Little Big Horn only because of his mistakes'
How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer (8)
2005 ­ Medicine
2) Important advance in medicine were made both in Ancient Greece and
during the…read more

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During the second half of the nineteenth century, many people moved
west to set up homesteads
a) Briefly describe the problems that settlers faced during their journey
westwards (5)
b) Explain why the American Government passed the Homestead Act of 1862
c) How successful were homesteaders in overcoming the problems of living and
working on a homestead? Explain your answer (8)
3) Cowboys lived and worked on the Plains
a) Briefly describe the dangers faced by cowboys in their work (5)
b) Explain why…read more

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Explain why there was so much opposition to smallpox vaccination
throughout the nineteenth century (7)
c) Who contributed more to the development of vaccination, Jenner or
Pasteur? Explain your answer (8)
2006 ­ American West
2) The Plains Indians eventually lost the Plains
a) Briefly describe how the Plains Indians used the buffalo (5)
b) Explain why the Plains Indians disliked living on government reservations (7)
c) How far was the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876 a victory for the
Plains Indians?…read more

Page 9

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Progress in medicine was rapid in the nineteenth and twentieth
a) Briefly describe the main problems of public health in the early nineteenth
century (5)
b) Explain why there was so much improvement in public health in the second
half of the nineteenth century (7)
c) The second half of the nineteenth century saw many improvements in public
health.…read more

Page 10

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The development of surgery has been an important part of the
history of medicine
a) Briefly describe the work of surgeons in the Middle Ages (5)
b) Explain why the work of Pare is important in the history of surgery (7)
c) `The most important advances in surgery were made in the nineteenth
century rather than the twentieth century' How far do you agree with this
statement? Explain your answer (8)
4) Both Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch were important in the fight
against germs…read more



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