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THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (1949-76)

The Government of the People's Republic of China: Mao's authority and ideas; his leading
colleagues; the People's Liberation Army; the Hundred Flowers Campaign and its
consequences.
The nature of economic policies: agricultural change in the 1950s and early 1960s; attempts at
industrialisation; five-year plans…

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the Comintern to dominate the party and than anything he had seen or heard of while studying
launched a series of `rectification of conduct' Stalin's USSR ­ anti-landlord rallies meant villagers
campaigns to consolidate his hold. couldn't leave unsheltered areas for 5 days and had to
chant Maoist slogans whilst…

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Shanghai and Guangzhou were cities known for gangs and triads (secret societies) in the years of
the GMD. The CCP, when they discovered this, turned on them ­ of the 130,000 `bandits and
criminals' rounded up in Guangzhou, over half were executed. Similarly, in Shanghai, the death
toll was 28,000.…

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America thought the invasion was the first venture of the new Communist block formed by China
and the USSR ­ unlikely as China was pre-occupied with Taiwan, Xinjiang, Guangdong and Tibet.
South Korea appealed to the United Nations but they were currently boycotted by the Soviets so
nothing was done…

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Beatings and struggle sessions were public humiliation and other `rightists' were forced into
labour camps ­ the only intellectuals that escaped persecution were scientists (useful for making
China into a great military power) and artists (forced to draw propaganda paintings on walls).
`Rightists' were forced into labour camps or dumped…

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Incentives ­To encourage workers [and supervisors] to work harder to reach the targets set,
`incentives' are offered e.g. bigger food ration, better apartment, better schooling for their
children.
How far was the first five year plan a success?




Between 1953 and 1957 China's economic growth rate = 9% - compared…

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The building of Tiananmen Square, Beijing begun in 1957 and was completed within 2 years ­
larger than Moscow's Red Square.
Chinese planners spoke figuratively of two soldiers that would lead the nation to victory ­
General Steel and General Grain. They claimed that General Grain was triumphing in the…

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Mao accepted that industrialisation was essential but believed that a massive development of
manpower could achieve the advanced industrialisation needed.




The reform of agriculture

Collectivisation ­ 1956:
Two years after the land was given to the peasants, the government took it back.
Although the peasants were producing more food, it…

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People were called on to end the menace of sparrows and other wild birds who ate crop seeds ­
came out of their houses and prescribed times and made as much noise as possible to prevent
the birds from landing so they eventually dropped exhausted in the sky.
Thousands of…

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Mao withdrew from the political front line in 1962 and instructed Deng Xiaoping and Liu Shaoqi to
bring an end to the rural crisis and restore adequate food supplies.




The Government of the People's Republic of China: Mao's authority and ideas; his leading
colleagues; the People's Liberation Army; the Hundred…

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