Manufacturing in Textiles

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Manufacturing in textiles
Product manufacture
Mass/unit production
Produced in high volume
Low skilled workers
24 hr continuous
Cheap labour, fabrics and components bought in large numbers, means
clothing can be made quickly
Specific target market=cost effective
Two methods of manufacture
1. Progressive unit system- manufacturing follows a sequence by making the
garment in order
2. UPS- Unit production system. Computer tech controls a rail that transports
the garment from operator to operator. This system keeps track of the
order so delivery dates are met. It also means the garment does not need to
be made in order, allowing better quality control.
Planned for ease of manufacture, using special equipment, quality is planned
and checked throughout making to make sure the products are identical and
meet the specification
Economies of scale- increase in efficiency as the number of goods produced,
increases e.g. styles from last season carry over so that the fabrics and
components can be used again. This helps to save money.
Mass produced products
Basic t-shirts
Retailers who use this method include Primark and Ikea
Batch-quantity production
Manufactured in their hundreds
Manufacture a fixed number of products
Two methods of manufacture
1. Make through- the main construction is made by one worker and less skilled
workers do the prep and finishing
2. Quick response- 8-10 workers share the responsibility and complete the
whole process. They can choose what part of the garment to work on. This
can be motivating for the team and will produce higher quality products
Planned for ease-using specialist equipmenth, quality is planned and
checked constantly.
Batch sizes can be increased and decreased depending on demand

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Economies of scale- increase in efficiency as the number of goods being
produced rises, the more components/fabrics ordered the cheaper the
Batch produced products
Seasonal goods
Home interior products
Retailers who us this method include M&S and Topshop
One Off/ Bespoke production
High quality product
Made in workshop/studio
Exclusive/specialist product
Top quality fabric used
Highly skilled workers work on one job at a time= expensive
Designed by an individual designer for one client
Made by one person + quality is checked throughout work…read more

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Designers Inspiration
Catwalk shows
Trend forecasting
Designer's considerations
Target market
Method of production
1. Input- Scanning in designs, trend forecasting websites, imputing images off a
2. Transformation- Photoshop, paint, sketch up
3.…read more

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Different sizes can be cut together to reduce waste
All the pattern pieces are cut out
Any pattern/one-way design or nap in the fabric is taken account of
Pattern pieces are cut on the correct grain of the fabric
Enough fabric is ordered to make the products
Fabric will be inspected to look for flaws, this can be done by an automated
Fabrics are labeled if they are fit for use, bar code labels are used so the
factory can keep track of…read more

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