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· The Enfield Trifle cartridge was greased with pork and beef.
· The Hindu and Muslim sepoy's opposed this because the cow was
scared to Hindu's and pork was haram to the Muslims.
· Effectively, the Raj had insulted these two religions and thus the
sepoy's refused to use the weapons.
· In Meerut a British commander publicly humiliated Indians.
· This triggered the massacre and the rebellion spread ­ many British
people died.
· Though order was restored, the massacre proved that the Raj could
only maintain law and order rather than the Indian's.…read more

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· Transferred all rights that the East India Company
had over India, to the British.
· Queen Victoria = Empress of India
· India is the "jewel in the imperial crown" because
it established trading links between the two.…read more

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· The elite higher civil service of the British Empire, in India.
· Responsible for administering India
· Renowned for its efficiency
· Until the 1930s the Indians in the service were very few
and were not given high posts by the British ­ they needed
to have a British education and also have money; this
prevented them from even being considered.…read more

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Introduced because the Raj wanted to involve Indian people with the process of law making. Its main provisions were as under:
·The Executive Council of the Governor General was extended ­ between 6-12 members.
·These members were called the Additional Members of the Executive Council, and had no significant power with regards to
·Governor General was empowered to nominate the Additional Members for a period of 2 years.
·Half the members must be non-official.
·Commander-in-chief would be appointed as an extraordinary member of the Executive Council.
·Any bill and regulation passed by the Provincial Council could not become law unless Governors and the Governor General gave
their assent for the bill and regulation.
·Limited powers of legislation were given to the Presidencies of Bengal and Madras and the Governor General was empowered to
create similar councils for the provinces of Frontier and the Punjab.
·The biggest drawback of the Act was regarding the selection and the role of the Additional Members. These members did not
take part in the discussions and their role was only advisory.
·The non-official members of the Executive Council were not interested in attending the meetings of the Council and they were
not bound to attend them either.
·The Indian members were not eligible to oppose any bill and most often the bills were passed in one sitting without discussion.…read more

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· Member of Liberal Democrats ­ in favor of
radical reforms
· Secretary of State for India previously
· Wanted to educate the people politically and
educationally ­ this led to his Self-government
plan…read more

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