Slides in this set
Britain becoming more lenient
1) Britain can't afford it economically. Spending £7m per
day during the war. Want to look after the economy.
Economy-trade. Appeasement=strong Germany=strong
Europe. Keynes (British treasury) believed harsh
treatment would cause economic crisis in Europe.
2) Treaty of Versailles=too harsh, lead to resentment.
3) Communism(Bolshevik revolution 1917)- "Bulwark".
Strong Germany=prevent spread of communism. Sphere
of influence. Power vacuum-Balance of power.
4) Public opinion: 1918- `Hang the Kaiser'. 1919- peace +
lenient. Government have to listen, now an increased
voting base (women 30+ can now vote). Fear- everyone
has experienced loss in ww1, don't want this again.…read more
1923- 1925- 1928- 1932- 1933- 1935- 1938-
Britain's Locarno -10 Year Disarmament Germany AGNA Munich
frontline rule conference withdraw crisis
machines -Kellogg- from
fell Briand League
-Disarmament conference in 1932- Didn't even make an effort to meet.
-Britain rearm in 1938 at Munich crisis.
-Germany leaving the League shows a divide in peace, willing to go
against allies. Also in 1935, Hitler announces existence of Luftwaffe.…read more
Britain and Italy= Guarantors. (Briand, Austen Chamberlain, Ramsay MacDonald,
Stresemann). Fulfilment (thought by Stresemann). Acceptance of frontiers as laid
down at Versailles, Rhineland=De-militerized.
Push Towards peace and prosperity (milestone) Failure to recognise Eastern borders= allows
Germany to expand
Settles Western borders Britain failed to mention how they would respond
Agreement in Europe= less likely to go to war Not long term
Locarno Honeymoon Rhineland was eventually re-militerized
Franco-German relations improved Germany seek new ways to revise TofV
Germany join League of nations- 1926 Poverty and unemployment= Nationalism (Hilter
Kellogg-Briand pact, 1928
· 27th August 1928.
· US, UK, Germany, Italy, Japan, Australia,
NZ, Poland, India, Belgium (several
· American effort of isolationism and to
avoid becoming involved in European
Alliance system. `Liberty of freedom'
· No sanctions agreed
· No immediate contribution to peace>
proved to be ineffective in years to come
· Renounces all war and conflict, prevents
`National Policy'…read more
Attempts to maintain peace 1920s+
· 1918: WW1 ends. Public opinion=harsh `Hang the Kaiser' `Squeeze Germany until
the pips squeak'
· 1920: Treaty of Versailles-lenient. Public opinion- voting base has increased
(women 30+ can now vote)
· 1921: Reparations confirmed (£6,600m)
· 1923: France invade the Ruhr when reparations stop- Passive resistance. Worsens
Anglo-Franco relations. Stresemann becomes chancellor.
· 1924: Dawes plan.
· 1925: Germany go to Britain for help with reparations- Locarno treaties (western
· 1926: Germany joins League of Nations.
· 1928: 10 year rule (disarmament). Kellogg-Briand pact.
· 1929: Young plan. Stresemann dies.
· 1932: Disarmament conference- Germany walk out.
· 1933: Germany leave League of Nations.
· 1935: Germany begin rearming (5000 planes- Britain have 1500). Anglo-German
· 1936: Britain Rearm- 10 Year rule= Failure!…read more