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Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean
THE SCALE
·IUU Fishing is far exceeding sustainable limits
·The illegal catch in the last 6 years has been
approximately equal to the legal catch, with a wholesale
market value of approximately $1bn. (80 000 tonnes)
·It is estimated that 20-30 vessels are currently
operating illegally in the southern ocean, registered in
tax havens and non-member states to conservation
agreements such as Belize, Bolivia and Togo
·The large ports which often receive illegal fish are in
Hong Kong, Singapore and Indonesia.
·Uraguay and Russia ­ countries in agreement over
conservation schemes ­ have been accused of failing to
validate catch records and monitoring ship activity.…read more

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Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean
THE OPERATION
·Illegal fishers use sophisticated methods to control
vessel movements
·Complex logistics allow the refuelling of vessels at
sea, modified vessels and the use of low-scrutiny ports.
·There is constant intelligence gathering on enforcement
efforts.
·Companies fraudulently obtain validation documents,
giving them access to international markets.
·There is evidence of corruption amongst some
international state officials
·Legal challenges to prosecution efforts are well
financed…read more

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Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean
THE ACTION BEING TAKEN
·The area of the Convention on the Conservation of
Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is widely
monitored.
·Officials have to power to confiscate illegal catches.
·Australia have expressed that they will prosecute
illegal fishermen to the furthest extent of the law and
sink their boats.
·Australia are promoting awareness of Illegal,
Unregulated and Unreported fishing.
·Australia are taking a co-operative stance in the hope
of information on illegal fishing.…read more

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