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ICT in Manufacturing

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Use of computers
­ Order entry and processing systems
· Many companies now have on-line ordering systems
· Check out Jungle on the web
­ Project management software
­ Expert systems
­ Computer-aided design
­ Computer-aided manufacture
­ Robots

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Computer-Aided Design
On-screen design of whole range of products
­ Computer chips
­ Clothing
­ Buildings
­ Vehicles
­ aircraft
Software features:
­ Creation of 3-D images
­ Rotation of images
­ Performance testing
­ Optimisation of material usage
­ Virtual `walk-through' for proposed buildings

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CAD Data
Two ways of storing graphics data
­ Bit-mapped
· Picture stored as a 2-D array with each element representing 1
pixel on the screen
­ Vector-based
· Picture stored as a collection of objects such as lines and
circles, each represented by specifying coordinates, thickness,
colour etc.

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Computer-Aided Manufacture
Many businesses now use CAM systems
­ Motor industry, clothing, brewing, etc
Often linked to CAD systems
Advantages of CAM
­ Consistent high quality
­ Reliability and speed
­ Increased productivity - fewer staff required
Disadvantages are mainly social
­ Mass redundancies in traditional manufacturing industry
­ New…

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Term dervied from the Czech word
`robotnik' - slave
Endless types of robots, but same essential
­ Sensors ­ to capture data
­ Microprocessors ­ to process the data
­ Actuators ­ to produce movement or alter the
environment in some way

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Why use robots?
Perform repetitive and monotonous tasks
Labour costs can be substantially reduced
Widely used in many industries
Quality of work is consistent
Can work continuously (24/7)
Can work in darkness and cold
Can be used in hazardous areas


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