Hull - A world cities case study

Refers to AQA A2 Geography

World Cities Option

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  • Created on: 24-04-14 18:41
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Hull is located in East Yorkshire, on the banks of the River Humber.
It is located equidistant between Edinburgh and London ­ 200 miles
from each.
Although Hull has a reputation of being isolated (`you never go
through Hull, only to it' is frequently uttered by locals), it is actually
fairly well connected. There are adequate road links, with Leeds and
York both being within an hour's drive, good railway links via. The
Paragon Station, and also through its ferry port, handling over 1
million passengers per year as they pass to and from Europe. Two
international airports are also within easy reach.
Due to its position on the Humber Estuary, Hull has long been a
major port, famous for whaling, and later for fishing. However, in the
1970s, following the `Cod Wars' the fishing industry declined. Since
then, Hull has suffered a downtown, and decline, sparking a need
for urban regeneration.
Hull is city if contrasts ­ high levels of unemployment and deprivation are major problems. The
employment rate was only 69.7% in 2009, significantly lower than the national average of
75%.Similarly, in 2007, Hull was ranked as the 11th most deprived out of the 354 local authorities in
England, and the most deprived in the region.
High-quality housing in relatively affluent areas lie next to poorer, run-down, areas.
The city has a successful, `red brick' university, but has low GCSE results and a high number of
poorly-performing schools. This leads to a cycle of unemployment, low wages and deprivation.
Indeed, 41.2% have no qualification at all, compared to the national average of 28.9% for England as
a while.
There are large numbers of empty properties becoming derelict, and affordability issues.
As higher earners are leaving the city to find a perceived higher life quality in the East Riding, the
poorer, more dependant sections of society are left, in turn leading to higher levels of social
segregation. This cycle is likely to continue unless something is done.
Hull's economy is growing, but relatively slowly compared to the rest of the region, and most of the
growth is linked to public centre jobs, especially as traditional industries face strong global
Crime is a major issue for the city, with burglaries at two and a half times the national average,
although this has fallen significantly in recent years.
Overall, Hull suffers from MULTIPLE DEPRIVATION.
Hull Forward was a scheme used to redevelop Hull's city centre. This organisation has now seized to
exist due to lack of funding, but was responsible for the St. Stephen's development, a partnership
regeneration project (see below for more detail).
Hull's Museum Quarter attracts tourists to Hull, taking advantage of Hull's maritime heritage. As the
museums owned by Hull City Council are free, it also encourages people from the local area to visit
the CBD and spend in other areas such as in the shops and cafes.
Hull Truck and Hull New Theatres also attract visitors seeking culture.

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The new transport interchange involved the renovation of the Victorian station, which provides an
excellent first impression for visitors.
Pedestrianised areas of Jameson Street and Whitefriargate make shopping safer, especially with the
addition of benches and additional vegetation to make the environment pleasant.
Trinity Square, in the Old Town, has also been developed into a pleasing, leafy, environment where
visitors can sit.…read more

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St Stephen's has been criticised as cold as draughty in winter, which has discouraged some from
returning to the centre.
St Stephen's has been criticised as cold as draughty in winter, which has discouraged some from
returning to the centre.
Parking in the centre is expensive ­ many park in Tesco as there is two hours free parking, so the
time they spend in the centre is limited.…read more


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