GEOG4- Tectonic activity and hazards [2014] pre-release series: #2: case Studies for unit 4.

Hey there.

Okay this is the second in the "series" in preparation for the exam on the 16th June 2014. It's scary, I know but if you use the resources on Get Revising and prepare, you will be fine!

You may have seen my resources from my unit 3, if you haven't, where have you been? Check my name and look at the resources for the pre-release I hope they help.

Anyway, I liked the concept of a series for the pre-release and I thought I'd do the same for the unit 4: tectonic activity and hazards.

So here's #2.

Projected documents in the series:

#1- Deciphering the question.

#2- Case studies for unit 4.

#3- Pre-release revision notes.

#4- PowerPoint on the pre-release.

Good luck for your exam! 

___________________________

Feedback is welcome

HideShow resource information
Preview of GEOG4- Tectonic activity and hazards [2014] pre-release series: #2: case Studies for unit 4.

First 302 words of the document:

Case studies for unit 4
EXPLORE THE RANGE OF STRATEGIES USED TO MANAGE TECTONIC HAZARDS BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER THEIR OCCURRENCE.
RESEARCH CONTRASTING EXAMPLES OF MANAGING A RANGE OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY TECTONIC HAZARDS.
Case study 1- Christchurch, New Zealand (2011)
MAGNITUDE-6.2
PHYSICAL IMPACTS
Previously unknown strike-slip fault.
Shallow focus earthquake.
Many buildings weakened by the September 2010 earthquake.
Liquefaction was widespread which was further damaging by the ruptured water pipes.
HUMAN IMPACTS
Cost $16 million.
Half of the buildings were destroyed.
Canterbury television building killed 85 people/
EMERGENCY RESCUE
Canterbury Earthquake Recovery was established.
Land zoning to classify damage and the cost of repairs.
JUSTIFICATION-It highlights the point that tectonic events can only be prepared for if there is previous knowledge. Christchurch
earthquake occurred on a previously unknown fault line and so had little tectonic proof. The North Island, however, in
comparison has frequent earthquakes and has building regulations and tectonic preparedness. In the South Island (where the
earthquake occurred), there was little regulations on the building codes and so is why 85 people were killed in one building
(Canterbury Television Centre).
Case study 2-Indonesia, 2012
Magnitude-8.6
Emergency response/preparation
People moved to a higher ground as at least 8 countries issued tsunami alerts.
Countries in the Indian Ocean have heavily invested in disaster response.
Phones alert people to the risk.
JUSTIFICATION-It allows a comparison between the 2012 earthquake in Indonesia and the 2004 earthquake (and subsequent
tsunami) which shows the difference as a result of preparation.
Case study 3- Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004
Magnitude-9.1
Physical impacts
The mega-thrust earthquake involved a 20m uplift of the sea floor across the fault line which was 1000km in length.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Human impacts
Approximately 220,000 people were killed.
58,555 people affected.
120,000 + lives were affected as a result of tourism.
Secondary hazards included cholera which killed approximately 150,000 people.
Emergency response/rescue/preparation impact
Early warning system has been installed in the Indian Ocean which cost $20 million.
JUSTIFICATION-It allows a comparison between this and the 2012 earthquake but also it highlights what occurs as a result of
the lack of preparation to manage secondary tectonic hazards.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Air pollution was 400mSv an hour.
Food sources were contaminated and South Korea banned fish from Sendai (the location of the earthquake) in
Japan.
3,900 roads were damaged.
19,000 people were dead.
100,000 children were left homeless.
Cost 6% of Japan's GDP.
Tectonic proof
Japan Meteorological Agency with earthquake resilient buildings.
JUSTIFICATION- it highlights the idea that primary hazards are easy to prepare for as they are similar in every tectonic event.
Secondary and tertiary events are less predictable and only common to certain areas.…read more

Comments

Olsy14

I think I love you

Rose-Marie

If you don't get an A* in Geography after all this hard work then I actually don't know who will!!!! :D THANK YOU!!!!!

katie laker

Thank you soo much for all your hard work! All your resources are helpful! Good luck! :)

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »