General GCSE citizenship revision

Citizenship word document

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  • Created on: 03-04-12 13:17
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The Exam
Sect
ion
A Q uesti
ons on
s our
ces e.g. a
ne wspa per re port
.
Sect
ion
B A choice
of
3
longer
answ er
(essay)
que st i
ons ­ o nl
y do
one
Exam Tips
R ead quest
ion
caref
u l
l
y,
answ er
ex act
ly
w hat
asked
A nsw er
e ver
y quest
ion
­ guess
if
do n'
t
know
S pen d a
minute
per mark.
12
15mi ns
on
the
l onger answ e r
F oll
o w t
he st
ruct
ure
for
answ er
ing
t he
essay s t
yle
qu est
ion
ESSAY STYLE QUESTIONS
1)
Befor
e y ou st
art
,
look
at
the
bul
let
poi
nts
provi
ded
and
label
t
hem accor
ding
w i
th
Agree
or Di sagr
ee wi
th
the
stat
emen t
.
Some
ma y
be
used
to
argue
both
sides
label
t
hem A /
D .
For
exampl
e:
"Separ
ate
school
s f
or
dif
fer
ent
r
eli
gions
have
many
advant
ages.
"
Par
ents'
wishes A
Rel
igi
ous educati
on D
Di
sci
p l
i
n e
in
schools A
The
experience
of
N or
ther
n I
rel
and D
2)
Do
not
wri
te
an
int
roduct
ion.
Use
the
fol
lowi
ng
str
uct
ure
:
Some agree with the statement because...
Others disagree with the statement because...
In conclusion I think...
S um up the ma i n poi
nts
A dd your opinion
Communities and Identities
The UK has a population of just over 60 million and is made up of 4 countries: England,
Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It is a democracy (vote for government) although
the Queen is head of state.
As citizens of the UK, we belong to different groups or communities who create our sense
of identity and belonging. These range from small ­ school team to large being a Christian.
Modern Britain is:

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Multicultural
Multiethnic
Multilingual
Multiracial
Since World War II, immigration has brought people to the UK, these immigrants have
contributed to the UK economically and culturally. Sometimes this has caused conflict in
society ­ some believe immigration has got out of hand, or the country is under threat from
illegal immigrants. Some have been accused of failing to integrate.
There are three types of immigrants to the UK:
Economic Immigrants ­ Seek work and have the right to do so.…read more

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Employment and Consumer Rights
The Race Relations, Sex Discrimination and Disability Discrimination Acts prevent
discrimination in the workplace. The law says within eight weeks of starting a job you must
be given an employment contract setting expectations Employment Rights. Employment
rights also protect sacking without going through process of verbal and written warnings
(unless fighting or theft). Where people are made redundant employment rights ensure that
people are given proper notice and paid compensation.…read more

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UK secret ballots noone knows who you voted prevents force to vote a particular
candidate. On election day, voters go to a polling station in a locked ballot box.
Once the polling stations have closed, the ballot boxes are collected and taken to a central
location to be counted. This is supervised to stop cheating. In the UK we have a first past
the post system the candidate who wins a constituency wins seat becomes MP.…read more

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The Private Sector ­ Private companies e.g. Tesco, ASDA, Barclays. Not
owned by government and aim to make profit. Some profit is paid to
shareholders (invested in the business by buying shares), some paid to the
employees, some to the government in taxes, rest invested in company.
The Public Sector ­ Made up from services that we use, e.g. NHS, schools,
police, which government pays for through taxation. UK Prime Minister who
employs a Chancellor of Exchequer who considers how to spend.…read more

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The News Media
The UK has a large number of news organisations. In both TV and newspapers it is an
editor that decides what is broadcast or printed. Unlike TV which must be balanced and
fair, newspapers are often owned by individuals to support political parties. E.g. The Sun
used to support Conservative, but its rich powerful owner, Rupert Murdoch, changed its
support to Labour. The Sun, Daily Mirror, Independent and Guardian support Labour
Telegraph, Daily Mail and Daily Express supports Conservative.…read more

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Court magistrates have limited powers to send to prison ­ maximum of 6 months. The
majority of criminal cases, 95%, are dealt with in magistrates courts.
In most cases there are usually three magistrates. Magistrates are generally volunteers from
the community and are not legally trained ­ instead they are assisted by a legally trained
Court Clerk.
Crown Court
Court Crier ­ Ensures court follows proper procedure everyone stands when the Judge enters
or leaves the chamber, calls witnesses into the courtroom.…read more

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Set up after World War II, the UN attempts to find peaceful solutions. Nearly every country
belongs to the UN. If a country does not do what the UN asks, it can use sanctions such
as banning trading with that country or sending in UN peacekeeping troops. The UN is not
simply to prevent war it has agencies such as the World Health Organisation to improve the
health. Other issues are dealing with famine.
The Commonwealth
A group of countries which were run by Britain.…read more

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Advantages of first past the post Disadvantages of First Past The Post
Everybody's vote is treated equally The party with most votes might not become
Government
Local views are listened to as person with Small parties find it impossible to win seats
the most votes gains power
Proportional Representation ­ a fairer option?
· Many people argue that this system is fairer because it more accurately
reflects the views of the electorate.
· It is a system used by most of Europe at present.…read more

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Development:
Improvement in wellbeing and living standards
Environment for people to enjoy long, healthy, creative lives
Selfsufficiency and employment
Rights and justice for all
Organisations include:
Save the children
Oxfam
Christian Aid
Wateraid
Actionaid
UNICEF
Third world debt: poor countries owing money to rich countries.
Borrowed due to price of oil increase, to build roads, airports etc.…read more

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