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GCSE OCR Music Notes
Baroque (1600 ­ 1750)

1. Approx. date: 17th and 18th Centuries (1600 and 1750)

2. Instruments: Violin, Viola, Cello, Harpsichord, Organ, Recorder, Flute, Oboe


3. Typical forms/structures: Opera, Oratorio, Fugue, Suite, Sonata, Concerto

4. Composers and their works/pieces:
Purcell ­ Dido and Aeneas
Vivaldi ­ The…

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Classical (1750 ­ 1810)
Melody:
o Simple
o Sometimes decorated with ornaments (trills, grace notes, mordent, turns)
Harmony:
o Simple
o no harsh dissonant chords
o based mostly on primary chords
Phrasing:
o Balanced
o regular 4 bar phrases
o Question and answer, not call and response.
Orchestra:
o Small…

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Set Music
Gamelan
Music from Indonesia (Bali and Java)
Based on cycles of melodies played at different speeds
Uses metallic instruments such as gong, metallophone and drums
Drums keep a steady beat ­ accompanies puppet shows ­ is not notated - pentatonic

Indian Classical Music
Much is based around improvisation…

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Rubato (slowing down and speeding up) is sometimes used although a steady beat is generally
needed to dance to the waltz.
Partner in a ballroom, formal, social occasion. Upper class dance to set steps.
Piano waltzes are common, but tend to be freer and therefore not suitable for dancing.


The…

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o Sampling of other tracks
o Remixing old tracks
o Effects such as echo/reverb
o Sequencing and looping

Tango
March like, slow tempo
2/4 or 4/4
Dotted rhythms and syncopation
Sonero and Choro (call and response)
Parallel 3rds and 6th

1970s Disco
Began in the USA
120 beats per minute,…

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Other Important Things
Key Signatures:
F 1 Flat
B flat 2 Flats
E flat 3 Flats (B, E, A)

G 1 Sharp
D 2 Sharps
A 3 Sharps (F, C, G)

Harmonies:
Diatonic
Dissonant
Atonal
Chromatic
Sub Dominant
`Blue' Note
Comping

Texture
Counterpoint, Contrapuntal, Polyphonic
Obbligato
Descant

Articulation
Legato/slurred
Pizzicato…

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Western popular styles
Irish Music
A jig is a performance dance usually in compound time (6/8) and is light and graceful (soft shoes)
hard jig is hard shoes
A reel is a social dance in simple time (2/4) is fast and uses angular movements
Has a relentless rhythm with tonic-dominant…

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Serialism
Tone row (Prime order) includes all 12 chromatic pitches
20th century technique, made by Schoenberg
Detailed dynamics and articulation give serial melodies structure
Notes must always be heard in the correct order
Variations on tone row include:
o Inversion,
o Retrograde,
o Retrograde inversion
Atonal: no sense of tonic…

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