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`GRACE'byJeffBuckley­AreaofStudy3
PracticeSectionBQuestionMarkScheme

a) WhatwordbestdescribesBuckley'smusicalstyle?

ECLECTIC
(TotalforPartA=1mark)
b) InwhatdecadewasRockandRollbecomingpopular?

1950s(accept+/tenyears)
(TotalforPartB=1mark)
c) DescribehowBuckleyusesthefollowingelementsofmusicin`Grace':
· Harmony
· Melody
· Structure
· Instrumentation
· Technology

HARMONY
· PieceuseskeyofEminorandhasonesharp(Fsharp).
· StatechordsequencesuseFm7andGm7.
· Intheopeningofthepiece,keyisunclear/ambiguous.
· GivesasenseofFmelodicminor.
· VersesusemodalscalesstartingonE.
· ElectricguitarusesdropDtuningthroughout.
· Dronescreatedbypowerchords.
· PrechorushintsEdorian.
MELODY
· Atfirstmelodyiscarriedbyelectricguitars,whichplayasemiquaverpattern
(alsousessequence­repetitionup/downatone).
· Vocalparttakesoverasmainmelody.
· Generallyconjunct.
· Useofslide/glissandogivesadissonantsound.
·…

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STRUCTURE
· Utilisespopularsongform.
· `Verseandchorus'.
· Structuredinfourmainsections:
o 1.Intro­Verse1­Prechorus­Chorus
o 2.Bridge­Verse2­Prechorus­Chorus
o 3.Mid8
o 4.Link­Verse­Outro
· Candidatemaywanttodescribehowthesesectionsdiffer.
INSTRUMENTATION
· 3electricguitars,acousticguitar,bassguitar,synthstringsanddrumkit.Also
tenorvocallineleadswithmainmelody.
· Pizzicatotechniquesinverse2withviolins(timbre).
· SeveraleffectswithguitarincludingslidesandDropDtuning(thisgivesa
powerchordinguitarwithintervalof5thbetweenlowesttwostrings).
· Glissandotechnique=vocalslide.
· Mandolineffectdueto`whisper'.
TECHNOLOGY
· Reverb,echoandEQaddedasstandardtechnologytomakepiecesoundofa
higherquality.
· Layeringofvocalsandbackingvocals.
· Flangerused,especiallyinMid8andfinalsections­thisrangesfromswirling
soundstojetplaneeffects,whichcreatesdissonancebutalsoexcitement.
· TelephoneEQusedintheMid8keepsthevocallineambiguous.

(TotalforPartC=10marks)

(TotalforSectionB=12marks)


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