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Question 1
Explain what "programme" or "programmatic music" means, and
give a reason why it came to prominence in the 19th Century.
(3 marks)
Program music: telling a story through music
Music may be descriptive of scenes from nature, a
narrative, picture ­ any stimulus beyond music
itself
Popular movement in romantic era ­ parallels found
in found in literature, poetry, art. Highly expressive
of emotions…read more

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Question 2
Give two reasons why might Chopin be considered a typically
romantic composer. (2 marks)
He wrote programmatic music; exploited the folk
music of his home country to give his music a
national identity (nationalism)
Much of his music was virtuosic ­ rise of the virtuoso
performer during this era
Music is expressive of feelings/emotions
His pianistic style ­ long, lyrical melodies, delicacy
of ornamentation, range of touch and use of tone,
arpeggiated accomps, subtleties of pedalling,
articulation
freer use of forms ­ developed the romantic
"miniature" i.e. preludes in their own right instead of
as as part of larger work…read more

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Question 3
Describe 3 features of romantic music that differ from Classical musical style
(3 marks)
extended / freer musical forms
increased use of chromaticism
greater exploration of key relationships through
modulation
extended chords, ie. 7th, 9th chords. More
discordant harmonies for expressive effects
Instrumentation ­ development of the piano;
expansion of the orchestra
More extremes of dynamics (pp ­ fff)
Links with other art forms…read more

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Question 4
Which of these is NOT a typical feature of romantic music? (1 mark)
Polyphony = lit. many voices
musical texture featuring two or more parts each
having a melody line and fitting together
Associated with baroque music, typically fugal
device.
Modulation = changing key
Chromaticism = using notes that are foreign to the
diatonic key, e.g. G# is not in G major
On keyboard - black/white semitones…read more

Slide 6

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Question 5
What instrument did Chopin play and why is this significant?
(2 marks)
Piano ­ Chopin was a virtuoso performer, from a
young age he became familiar with the great
keyboard works of other composers
He understood the capabilities of the instrument,
which was developed to include greater expressive
powers and extremes of register during this era
Developed his own style exploiting fuller tone,
dynamic range, delicacy of touch, ornamentation
Rise of the piano as solo instrument in its own
right…read more

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Comments

Samuel Richardson

This is a really great powerpoint presentation in the form of example exam questions and bullet point answers. 

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