GCSE Latin Virgil Aeneid Book II

The GCSE OCR Latin Chief Examiner (my dad) gave me these and told me that some of them will be chosen for the 2012 exam. 

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Section B: Virgil
Passage 1
tum vero omne mihi visum considere in ignes 1
Ilium et ex imo verti Neptunia Troia:
ac veluti summis antiquam in montibus ornum
cum ferro accisam crebrisque bipennibus instant
eruere agricolae certatim, illa usque minatur 5
et tremefacta comam concusso vertice nutat,
vulneribus donec paulatim evicta supremum
congemuit traxitque iugis avulsa ruinam.
descendo ac ducente deo flammam inter et hostes
expedior: dant tela locum flammaeque recedunt. 10
Aeneid 2, lines 624633
1. What did Troy seem to do in line 1?
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2. Which two gods helped to build the walls of Troy?
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3. Give four ways in which the tree represents Troy (lines 38).
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4. Give four ways in which the farmers represent the Greeks (lines 38).
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5. Where does Aeneas come down from and why was he there?
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Page 2

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Who do you think guided Aeneas?
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(b) What two things happen because of this guidance?
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Passage 2
diverso interea miscentur moenia luctu, 1
et magis atque magis, quamquam secreta parentis
Anchisae domus arboribusque obtecta recessit,
clarescunt sonitus armorumque ingruit horror.…read more

Page 3

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What is insidiae (line 13) a reference to?
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10. Who owned the house that fell to ruins?
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11. Who is Deiphobus (line 13)?
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12. Who is Vulcan (line 14)?
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13. Who is Ucalegon (line 15)?
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14. Give two details about how Virgil makes arms as Aeneas' main concern (line 17).
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15. How is Aeneas presented as a Homeric hero in lines 1720?
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Page 4

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Passage 3
tempus erat quo prima quies mortalibus aegris 1
incipit et dono divum gratissima serpit.
in somnis, ecce, ante oculos maestissimus Hector
visus adesse mihi largosque effundere fletus,
raptatus bigis ut quondam, aterque cruento 5
pulvere perque pedes traiectus lora tumentes.
ei mihi, qualis erat, quantum mutatus ab illo
Hectore qui redit exuvias indutus Achilli
vel Danaum Phrygios iaculatus puppibus ignes!
squalentem barbam et concretos sanguine crines 10
vulneraque illa gerens, quae circum plurima muros
accepit patrios.…read more

Page 5

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Give two details about the physical state of Hector.
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20. Give one detail about how Aeneas reacted to Hector's appearance.
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Passage 4
illam summa super labentem culmina tecti 1
cernimus Idaea claram se condere silva
signantemque vias tum longo limite sulcus
dat lucem et late circum loca sulphure fumant.
hic vero victus genitor se tollit ad auras 5
adfaturque deos et sanctum sidus adorat.
`iam iam nulla mora est sequor et qua ducitis adsum,
di patrii servate domum, servate nepotem.…read more

Page 6

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Who has sent the sidus (line 6)?
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24. Why does Aeneas propose to carry his father?
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25. Explain in detail what strange occurrence has just happened to Iulus.
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26. Explain the strange occurrence that happened to Iulus and the appearance of the sidus
(line 6) in terms of Roman portents. How do these signs maintain Aeneas' status as a
hero?
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Page 7

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What was the importance of Ceres (line 20) to the Romans?
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28. Why is Ceres described as desertae (line 20)? Give two possible explanations.
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29. Who is the coniunx (line 17) and what happens to her?
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30. Contrast the mood of Anchises at the start of this passage with his mood just prior to this
passage.
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31.…read more

Page 8

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Explain how Virgil includes the supernatural, and why he does so.
In your answer you may refer to the passages printed in this question paper, but you
should also refer to other parts of Aeneid 2 you have read.
Marks are awarded for the quality of written communication in your answer.
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Page 9

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Passage 5
diverso interea miscentur moenia luctu, 1
et magis atque magis, quamquam secreta parentis
Anchisae domus arboribusque obtecta recessit,
clarescunt sonitus armorumque ingruit horror.
excutior somno et summi fastigia tecti 5
ascensu supero atque arrectis auribus asto:
in segetem veluti cum flamma furentibus Austris
incidit, aut rapidus montano flumine torrens
sternit agros, sternit sata laeta boumque labores
praecipitesque trahit silvas, stupet inscius alto 10
accipiens sonitum saxi de vertice pastor.
tum vero manifesta fides, Danaümque patescunt
insidiae.…read more

Page 10

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What supernatural experience has Aeneas just had while sleeping?
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34. Where was Aeneas sleeping?
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35. Who is Volcano mentioned in line 14, and what does he represent here?
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36. How does what the pastor, mentioned in line 11, sees relate to what Aeneas is seeing in
Troy?
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37. Why is inscius in line 10 a fitting description of Aeneas as well as of the pastor?
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38.…read more

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