Guide to the Aeneid - Book 2

Notes about the Aeneid Book 2, including character description, context, and English to Latin translation

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  • Created on: 25-05-12 10:58
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Department of Classics
OCR GCSE Latin Verse Text
Virgil: Aeneid II
Lines 268-280, 298-317, 624-654, 671-716, 768-792
Virgil, Selections from Aeneid II, ed. C. H. Craddock

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Glossary of Names and Places
Anchises The old and crippled father of Aeneas (see reference to Jupiter).
Andromache Wife of Hector.
Ascanius The son of Aeneas by Creusa, also called Iulus.
Ceres Goddess of grain, harvesting and the seasons. The word "abandoned" in line 714 refers
both to her ancient temple and to the goddess herself, who was left bereft by the
stealing of her daughter Proserpina by Pluto, the god of the Underworld. See also
cypress trees.…read more

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Neptune God of the sea. Troy is called "Neptune's Troy" because Neptune and Apollo built its
walls.
Olympus Mountain home of the gods.
Pergama Another name for Troy.
Phyrgian Another term for Trojan.
Priam King of Troy. Beheaded by Neoptolemus (also called Pyrrhus), the son of Achilles,
during the destruction of Troy
Sigeum A promontory (headland or peninsula) and port/harbour near Troy. Sigeum was an
important site in the Trojan War and traditionally where Achilles was buried.…read more

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B.C. Caesar wins the Battle of Pharsalus, defeating Pompey, who flees to Egypt where he is killed.
On October 18 Octavian (young Augustus) puts on the toga virilis: Octavian is officially a man.
45 B.C. Octavian accompanies Caesar to Spain for the Battle of Munda.
44 B.C. March 15 Caesar is assassinated. Octavian is adopted in Caesar's will.
43 B.C. August 19 Adoption of Octavian (young Augustus) by Caesar is officially acknowledged.
Octavian becomes Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.
November 27 Second triumvirate.…read more

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In fact, Virgil did not survive to complete The Aeneid (he died in 19BC) and left instructions to his
literary executors to destroy the manuscript: they didn't do it! For most of his poetic career Virgil had a
literary patron called Maecenas, who was a very powerful man in Augustan Rome, and a close
associate of Augustus himself.…read more

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Laocoon. Aeneas then in a dream sees Hector, one of the king's sons killed earlier in the war,
who warns him to save himself, the Trojan people, and their gods. Aeneas wakes up to find that the Greeks have
broken into the city, and plunges into the fighting. He sees King Priam brutally killed by Achilles' son Pyrrhus.…read more

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Aeneas sees Cassandra, daughter of Priam, being dragged from the temple of Minerva the Trojans try to
save her. They are bombarded by other Trojans, mistaking them for Greeks, then attacked by the Greeks, including
Ajax, Agamemnon and Menelaus. Other Greeks join the battle and the Trojans are overwhelmed, taking heavy losses.
437 453 Aeneas moves on to Priam's palace, with the elderly Iphitus and the wounded Pelias.…read more

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Achilles, ei Achilles (fastest and finest of the Greek warriors)
barba, ae beard
compello, are to address
concretus, a, um matted
Danaum of the Danaans (= gen. pl.…read more

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It was the time when rest first takes over exhausted mortal men
incipit, et dono divum gratissima serpit. 269
and creeps over, by the most welcome grace of the gods.…read more

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I was) shaken out of (+ abl.…read more

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