GCSE History - Nazi Germany

Includes topics from the Syllabus after 1933. Including Nazi Ideology, Opposition, women in Germany and the New Plan/4 Year Plan.

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Opposition ­
Who was in Army Officers
Opposition ­ The
The Gestapo and White Rose Group
Concentration Why was there a
Camps lack of
Informers and the The New Plan
Police and the
Opposition ­ The 4 Year Plan
Former political
Opposition ­ The Women
Churches…read more

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Hitler was in Control:
-He was the overall decision maker in Germany and
Hitler was not in Control:
everybody had to obey him. He was still the most -Hitler didn't get involved in the day-to-day running
powerful and in overall command. If he said of Germany, because there were people below him
something, it was done, regardless if people beneath that could do it
him agreed or not
-The system was chaotic with so many organisations
-Everybody was always competing to gain Hitler's that were involved with the running of Germany, it
support. This made sure no one would challenge Hitler was hard to establish who actually was in control
as they would always be following orders and trying to
-There wasn't much continuity between different
gain support from him
regions in Germany (some persecuted Jews, and
-Hitler was in full control of Germany and no one was others left them)
willing to challenge his power. He did not like
-Everybody was trying to impress Hitler to increase
argument or people criticising his ideas. A key part to
their individual power. So in the Nazi Party there
Nazi ideology was that they would have a strong
were lots of individual organisations who were trying
leader that would guide Germany back into greatness
to increase their own power
-Organisations like Hitler Youth, which had sworn an
-Hitler played very little part in governing the
oath to fight for Hitler
country. Hitler hated paperwork and hardly ever
-He overruled decisions which he thought were talked about the running of Germany, he was more
wrong interested in the military and architectural projects…read more

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Was originally Hitler's personal
bodyguards. Himmler built it up and This was the secret police and they
by 1939 it had 240,000 members. All would tap into telephones, open mail
recruits had to be recognisably `Aryan' and collect information from a huge
(blond, blue eyed and physically fit). network of informers. Informers
Himmler imposed high physical reported on local people who they
standards and even a filling believed were `anti-Nazi'. The Gestapo
disqualified you from being accepted, arrested people without trial, torture
Himmler was fiercely loyal to Hitler them and imprisoned them in
and trained the SS ruthlessly. They concentration camps. People feared
could arrest people without trial and them the most
could search people's homes
It grew and spread into several areas:
The Gestapo, Concentration Camps
and the police, The requirements for
the SS were very strict.…read more

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As soon as the Nazi Party came to By the late 1930s, concentration camps
power, the SS arrested many Nazi were being run by a section if the SS
opponents and put them in temporary called Death's Head units as forced
prisons. Then special concentration labour camps. Some prisoners were
camps were constructed (usually in used to work for Nazi-owned
remote areas) businesses. Himmler controlled over
-At first inmates were held in the 150 companies who used slave labour
camps for short periods of to make all kinds of goods, including
questioning, torture, hard labour and weapons
forced instruction in Nazi ideas -The camps held Jews, Communists,
Socialists, trade unionists, Gypsies,
church leaders and anyone who
criticised the Nazis…read more

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The Nazi Party had a strong local -The ordinary police continued with their
structure. Every town was divided into regular work, but their bosses were Nazis.
small units (blocks). The Block This meant they became part of the network
Warden, a local Nazi, visited every of informers, collecting information on
home in the block each week, everyone, ignoring crimes committed by
collecting donations to the Nazi Party Nazis
and checking up on every one
The Block Warden wrote a report on
everyone in their block and this could -The courts were under Nazi control as well.
affect whether or not you got a job. The Nazis were appointed as judged so a fair trial
Warden noted any signs of was impossible. The number of offences
independent thinking (e.g. not flying carrying the death penalty went from 2 to 46
the Nazi flag on celebration days or not from 1933 to 1943. These included: Having a
being enthusiastic enough about sexual relationship with Jews, listening to
Hitler) foreign radio, telling anti-Nazi jokes.…read more

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