From autocracy to dictatorship 1881 -1924

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  • Created by: Mashal
  • Created on: 01-05-11 20:37
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From autocracy to dictatorship 1881 -1924
1885 ­ Alexander II becomes Tsar = `Tsar Liberator'
1856 ­ Crimean war ending
1860 ­ Single state bank created
1861 ­ Emancipation of the serfs but had to pay redemption fees
1862 ­ Unified Treasury
1863 - Excise duty on alcohol
1864 ­ Local government reform = created Zemstva + Judicial reform
1867 ­ Reform of censorship = greater freedom in press
1874 ­ Military service reform
1878 ­ Municipal reform = Duma in town and cities
1881 ­ Alexander III becomes Tsar = Repressive
1892 ­ `Great spurt' = industrial growth by finance minister Witte
1894 ­ Nicholas II becomes Tsar
1901 ­ Harvest failing
1902/3 = industrial slump = increased unemployment
1904/5 ­ Russo Japanese war = humiliating defeats e.g. Battle of Mukden and Tshuhima / Treaty
Of Portsmouth= Witte made tsar sign it
1905 ­ January = Bloody Sunday (Father Gapon)
1905 ­ 1st Revolution
1905 ­ October manifesto = creation of Duma
1906- Fundamental laws = Article 87 govern by decree / 1st Duma created but dissolved after 72
days
1906 ­ Stolypin = prime minister = repression and reform
1907 ­ Redemption payments abolished / Feb 2nd Duma created / Nov 3rd Duma created
(1907-1912)
1911 ­ Best harvest ever/ Stolypin assassinated
1912 ­ Lena Goldfield Massacre / 4th Duma (1912-1914)

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­ Financial stability= currency on gold standards /World War I
1917 ­ January = Inflation at worst, humiliating defeat, shortages of food, winter
1917 - February = Revolution = Tsar abdicates + Provisional government established
1917 ­ April = Lenin returns to issues April Theses `All power to soviets' `Bread, Peace and Land'
1917 ­ July = July days weakens Lenin and the Bolsheviks as they are accused of treason
1917 ­ August = Kornilov affair = new power to the Bolsheviks as they defeated…read more

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Stalin's Russia 1924-53
1924 ­ 1928 ­ Struggle for power main contenders = Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Bukharin and Stalin
1927 ­ Collectivisation…read more

Comments

NZLHistory

A very useful timeline of key political events in Russia from Alexander II to the death of Lenin. It is colour coded by leader for ease of use.

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