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Qui (subject)
Always followed by a verb. Never
elides
Que (direct object)
Always followed by a noun/pronoun
(direct object of the verb). Elides to qu'
Both qui and que can refer to both
animates (people) and inanimates…read more

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Agreement
Que functions as the direct object
preceding the verb. Therefore if the
verb is a compound tense, it must
agree with the que in number and
gender
A past participle in a verb will also
agree when used with qui, if the
compound verb is formed with `etre'…read more

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Dont
Used when `de' is involved ­ can
either be an indication of possession
(`whose' in English), or when there is
a verb which takes `de' e.g. Parler de
E.g. Je m'occupe des enfants > Les
enfants dont je m'occupe
Can refer to both inanimates and
animates…read more

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Lequel
Used when prepositions other than `de' are
involved e.g. Dans, avec, parmi, entre etc
The preposition must always be immediately
in front of the relative pronoun
Only used to refer to things (inanimate)
Must ensure it agrees ­
laquelle/lesquels/laquelles
When used with à or de, lequel becomes
auqel, or duquel…read more

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Ce qui/que/dont
`ce' must be used when there is no other
pronoun/noun to be the antecedent ­
usually when referring to something
unspecified
English equivalent of `that/which/what'
Also used when referring to a whole idea
vs just one word
The same rules apply when deciding
between ce qui/que/dont as when without
the ce…read more

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