Revision booklet for tenses

Tenses included are: present, imperfect, reflexives in present tense, most common irregular verbs in present tense, perfect tense, knowing when to use être and avoir, irregular past participles, future tense, pluperfect tense.

For anyone who easily forgets how to conjugate verbs and which ones are the special 13 and all that, like me. :)

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  • Created by: C.Gan
  • Created on: 25-03-12 12:46
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How to form the present tense (le présent)
Firstly you need to establish whether the verb is an ­er, an ­ir or an ­re verb. Your
dictionary will make this clear: if you look up `play' you will find `jouer'. This is
obviously an ­er verb.
NB if the verb is irregular you cannot apply the following rules.
These are the endings for the regular ­er, ir and ­re verbs.…read more

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How to form reflexives in the present tense
It is easy to recognise a reflexive verb in your dictionary because it has `se' in front
of it. For example, to get washed = se laver
However, this `se' changes depending on the person or pronoun. You need to learn
the format by heart. The main part of the verb follows the normal conjugation.…read more

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Some common irregular verbs in the present tense
4…read more

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How to form the perfect tense (le passé composé)
This is for a completed action eg I worked/I have worked.
You always need three parts to form this tense correctly
1 the person / pronoun
2 the auxiliary verb (usually avoir, sometimes être)
3 the past participle
The past participle is formed depending on the type of verb...…read more

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­ j'ai vendu
6…read more

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When to use `être' instead of `avoir'
You use `être' with verbs of coming or going (often called the Special 13) ­ they can
be remembered by `draper's van mmt'
Descendre je suis descendu(e) I went down
Rester je suis resté(e) I stayed
Aller je suis allé(e) I went
Partir je suis parti(e) I left
Entrer je suis entré(e) I entered
Rentrer / retourner je suis rentré(e) I returned
Sortir je suis sorti(e) I went out
Venir je suis venu(e) I came
Arriver je suis…read more

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You also use `être' with reflexive verbs
Je me suis lavé(e)
Tu t' es lavé(e)
Il s' est lavé
Elle s' est lavée
On s' est lavé(e)s
Nous nous sommes lavé(e)s
Vous vous êtes lavé(e)s
Ils se sont lavés
Elles se sont lavées
8…read more

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Irregular past participles
There are several verbs which have irregular past participles which you have to
learn, but here are some common ones.…read more

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How to form the future tense (le futur)
This is used when we say `I shall / he will' do something
You use the infinitive (or with ­re verbs, knock off the `e') and add the following
Je ai
Tu as
Il a
Elle a
On a
Nous ons
Vous ez
Ils ont
Elles ont
eg je chanterai
je finirai
je vendrai
There are some irregular stems that you have to learn
Avoir j'aurai I'll have
Être je serai I'll be
Aller j'irai I'll…read more


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